David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):197 – 215 (2002)
Trial participation in the proposed HIV Vaccine Trials in South Africa is discussed in the context of the ethical tension that exists between international ethical research standards and local standards of care and cultural norms in the Third World. The important concepts of informed consent, risk-benefit ratio and fair treatment of trial participants are interpreted differently in traditional, rural African communities, where a moderate form of communitarianism referred to as "Ubuntu" or "communalism" is still prevalent. Research is an altruistic endeavor that benefits communities and societies as a result of risks taken by individuals. Universal ethical guidelines that are highly individualistic and fail to emphasize communalism may represent serious problems for the sort of research needed in Africa today.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mojalefa Johannes Koenane, Ethical Perspectives on Surveillance and Preventive Strategies for HIV/AIDS in South Africa.
Christine Grady (1994). Hiv Preventive Vaccine Research: Selected Ethical Issues. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):595-612.
Udo Schuklenk (2007). HIV Vaccine Trials: Reconsidering the Therapeutic Misconception and the Question of What Constitutes Trial Related Injuries. Developing World Bioethics 7 (3).
Jeremy Snyder, Cari L. Miller & Glenda Gray (2011). Relative Versus Absolute Standards for Everyday Risk in Adolescent HIV Prevention Trials: Expanding the Debate. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (6):5 - 13.
Zaynab Essack, Jennifer Koen, Nicola Barsdorf, Catherine Slack, Michael Quayle, Cecilia Milford, Graham Lindegger, Chitra Ranchod & Richard Mukuka (2010). Stakeholder Perspectives on Ethical Challenges in Hiv Vaccine Trials in South Africa. Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):11-21.
R. Macklin (2010). Intertwining Biomedical Research and Public Health in HIV Microbicide Research. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):199-209.
Nicole Mamotte, Douglas Wassenaar, Jennifer Koen & Zaynab Essack (2010). Convergent Ethical Issues in HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Vaccine Trials in Africa: Report From the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme's Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre Consultation, 10-11 February 2009, Durban, South Africa. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):3-.
Keymanthri Moodley (2007). Microbicide Research in Developing Countries: Have We Given the Ethical Concerns Due Consideration? BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-7.
Godfrey B. Tangwa (2002). The HIV/AIDS Pandemic, African Traditional Values and the Search for a Vaccine in Africa. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):217 – 230.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #118,813 of 1,099,868 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #40,663 of 1,099,868 )
How can I increase my downloads?