David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 120 (2):229-263 (1999)
Those inclined to believe in the existence of propositions as traditionally conceived might seek to reduce them to some other type of entity. However, parsimonious propositionalists of this type are confronted with a choice of competing candidates – for example, sets of possible worlds, and various neo-Russellian and neo-Fregean constructions. It is argued that this choice is an arbitrary one, and that it closely resembles the type of problematic choice that, as Benacerraf pointed out, bedevils the attempt to reduce numbers to sets – should the number 2 be identified with the set Ø or with the set Ø, Ø? An “argument from arbitrary identification” is formulated with the conclusion that propositions (and perhaps numbers) cannot be reduced away. Various responses to this argument are considered, but ultimately rejected. The paper concludes that the argument is sound: propositions, at least, are sui generis entities.
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Epistemology Logic Metaphysics Philosophy of Language|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Sean Crawford (2014). Propositional or Non-Propositional Attitudes? Philosophical Studies 168 (1):179-210.
Bradley Armour-Garb & James A. Woodbridge (2012). The Story About Propositions. Noûs 46 (4):635-674.
Ben Caplan & Chris Tillman (2013). Benacerraf's Revenge. Philosophical Studies 166 (1):111-129.
Jane Heal (2001). On Speaking Thus: The Semantics of Indirect Discourse. Philosophical Quarterly 51 (205):433-454.
Similar books and articles
Barbara Schmitz (2006). Grammatical Propositions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 71 (1):227-249.
Jeffrey C. King (2013). On Fineness of Grain. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):763-781.
Dale Jacquette (2006). Propositions, Sets, and Worlds. Studia Logica 82 (3):337 - 343.
Francesco Berto (2010). Impossible Worlds and Propositions: Against the Parity Thesis. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):471-486.
Tim Crane (1990). An Alleged Analogy Between Numbers and Propositions. Analysis 50 (4):224-230.
Anthony Wrigley (2006). Abstracting Propositions. Synthese 151 (2):157 - 176.
Lorenz Halbeisen & Saharon Shelah (2001). Relations Between Some Cardinals in the Absence of the Axiom of Choice. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 7 (2):237-261.
Eric Steinhart (2002). Why Numbers Are Sets. Synthese 133 (3):343 - 361.
José Ferreirós (2011). On Arbitrary Sets and ZFC. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 17 (3):361-393.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #59,417 of 1,410,030 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #75,795 of 1,410,030 )
How can I increase my downloads?