David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 184 (3):287-297 (2012)
Let ‘warrant’ denote whatever precisely it is that makes the difference between knowledge and mere true belief. A current debate in epistemology asks whether warrant entails truth, i.e., whether (Infallibilism) S’s belief that p is warranted only if p is true. The arguments for infallibilism have come under considerable and, as of yet, unanswered objections. In this paper, I will defend infallibilism. In Part I, I advance a new argument for infallibilism; the basic outline is as follows. Suppose fallibilism is true. An implication of fallibilism is that the property that makes the difference between knowledge and mere belief (which I dub ‘warrant*’) is the conjunctive property being warranted and true . I show that this implication of fallibilism conflicts with an uncontroversial thesis we have learned from reflection on Gettier cases: that nonaccidental truth is a constituent of warrant*. It follows that infallibilism is true. In the second part of the paper, I present and criticize a new argument against infallibilism. The argument states that there are plausible cases where, intuitively, the only thing that is keeping a belief from counting as knowledge is the falsity of that belief. Furthermore, it is plausible that such a belief is warranted and false. So, the argument goes, infallibilism is false. I show that this argument fails.
|Keywords||Warrant Infallibilism Knowledge Gettier|
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References found in this work BETA
Duncan Pritchard (2005). Epistemic Luck. Clarendon Press.
Edmund Gettier (1963). Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Analysis 23 (6):121-123.
Alvin Plantinga (1993). Warrant: The Current Debate. Oxford University Press.
Linda Zagzebski (1994). The Inescapability of Gettier Problems. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):65-73.
Marian David (2001). Knowledge, Truth, and Duty. New York: Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Anthony Robert Booth (2014). The Gettier Illusion, the Tripartite Analysis, and the Divorce Thesis. Erkenntnis 79 (3):625-638.
Stephen Hetherington (2015). Understanding Fallible Warrant and Fallible Knowledge: Three Proposals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (1):n/a-n/a.
Kenneth R. Westphal (2013). Rational Justification and Mutual Recognition in Substantive Domains. Dialogue (1):1-40.
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