David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):27-34 (2004)
Many feminist and queer scholars believe that one way to fight racism, sexism and homophobia is to challenge identity labels---ideas of what it means to be “black,” “gay,” “white,” “woman,” “lesbian.” Biology, however, continues to thwart this political agenda; the Body---the biological reality of skin color and sex chromosomes---makes it difficult to propose the idea that identity labels are merely social constructs, not natural facts. Female bodybuilding is a performance that literalizes the body as a site of artificial construction, of intervention, modification. Furthermore, female bodybuilding is a performance of gender bending---women who construct hypermuscular bodies disrupt social norms of gender, performing a kind of self-styled hermaphroditism that begs the question, “why?” This essay explores how female body builders challenge identity labels of sex and gender because of the fact that their gender transgressions occur at the physiological level of the body. I argue that female bodybuilders parody dominant labeling philosophies of sex, gender, and sexual orientation, challenging our sex/gender paradigm in very unique ways
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jami L. Anderson (ed.) (2003). Race, Gender, and Sexuality: Philosophical Issues of Identity and Justice. Prentice Hall.
Mari Mikkola, Feminist Perspectives on Sex and Gender. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Mari Mikkola (2011). Ontological Commitments, Sex and Gender. In Charlotte Witt (ed.), Feminist Metaphysics. Springer 67--83.
Jacquelyn N. Zita (1992). Male Lesbians and the Postmodernist Body. Hypatia 7 (4):106 - 127.
Kutte Jönsson (2007). Who's Afraid of Stella Walsh? On Gender, 'Gene Cheaters', and the Promises of Cyborg Athletes. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 1 (2):239 – 262.
Claire Colebrook (2004). Gender. Palgrave Macmillan.
Gertrude Postl (2009). From Gender as Performative to Feminist Performance Art. Radical Philosophy Review 12 (1/2):87-103.
Sara Salih (2002). Judith Butler. Routledge.
V. S. Ramachandran (2008). Phantom Penises in Transsexuals. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (1):5-16.
Gill Jagger (2008). Judith Butler: Sexual Politics, Social Change and the Power of the Performative. Routledge.
Myra J. Hird (2004). Sex, Gender, and Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
Lois McNay (2000). Gender and Agency: Reconfiguring the Subject in Feminist and Social Theory. Blackwell Publishers.
Regina M. O'Neill & Stacy D. Blake-Beard (2002). Gender Barriers to the Female Mentor – Male Protégé Relationship. Journal of Business Ethics 37 (1):51 - 63.
Cressida J. Heyes (2000). Reading Transgender, Rethinking Women's Studies. National Women's Studies Association Journal 12 (2):170-180.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads16 ( #190,498 of 1,780,723 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #203,623 of 1,780,723 )
How can I increase my downloads?