David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (2):213-243 (2010)
Deliberative democratic theorists typically use accounts of public reason— that is, constraints on the types of reasons one can invoke in public, political discourse—as a tool to resist political exclusion; at its most basic level, the aim of a theory of public reason is to prevent situations in which powerful majority groups are able to justify policy choices based on reasons that are not even assessable by minority groups. However, I demonstrate here that a type of exclusion I call "conceptual exclusion" complicates this picture. I argue that the possibility of conceptual exclusion creates the potential for public reason constraints to further exclude already marginalized groups— contrary to the standard view—and thus that taking conceptual exclusion seriously requires both a revision of traditional accounts of public reason and a reconceptualization of our civic obligations.
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Kevin Chien-Chang Wu (2011). Deliberative Democracy and Epistemic Humility. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):93-94.
L. King, B. Morgan-Olsen & J. Wong (2016). Identifying Difference, Engaging Dissent: What is at Stake in Democratizing Knowledge? Foundations of Science 21 (1):69-88.
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