David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Australasian Psychiatry 19 (4):295-300 (2011)
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine logical positivist statistical probability statements used to support and justify “evidence-based” prescribing rules in psychiatry when viewed from the major philosophical theories of probability, and to propose “phenomenological probability” based on Maurice Merleau-Ponty's philosophy of “phenomenological positivism” as a better clinical and ethical basis for psychiatric prescribing. Conclusions: The logical positivist statistical probability statements which are currently used to support “evidence-based” prescribing rules in psychiatry have little clinical or ethical justification when subjected to critical analysis from any of the major theories of probability and represent dangerous “spin” because they necessarily exclude the individual , intersubjective and ambiguous meaning of mental illness. A concept of “phenomenological probability” founded on Merleau-Ponty's philosophy of “phenomenological positivism” overcomes the clinically destructive “objectivist” and “subjectivist” consequences of logical positivist statistical probability and allows psychopharmacological treatments to be appropriately integrated into psychiatric treatment. Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/10398562.2011.603333
|Keywords||Merleau-Ponty evidence-based prescribing probability positivism phenomenology psychiatry|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ron Morstyn (2010). How the Philosophy of Merleau- Ponty Can Help Us Understand the Gulf Between Clinical Experience and the Doctrine of Evidence-Based Psychotherapy. Australasian Psychiatry 18 ( 3):221–225.
Jürgen Humburg (1986). Foundations of a New System of Probability Theory. Topoi 5 (1):39-50.
Timothy Williamson (1998). Conditionalizing on Knowledge. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):89-121.
Carl G. Wagner (1997). Old Evidence and New Explanation. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):677-691.
Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter (2010). The Conditional in Mental Probability Logic. In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press 153--173.
Mona Gupta (2007). Does Evidence-Based Medicine Apply to Psychiatry? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (2):103.
Clark Glymour (2001). Instrumental Probability. The Monist 84 (2):284-300.
Paul K. Moser (1988). The Foundations of Epistemological Probability. Erkenntnis 28 (2):231 - 251.
Amos Nathan (2006). Probability Dynamics. Synthese 148 (1):229 - 256.
John L. Pollock (1992). The Theory of Nomic Probability. Synthese 90 (2):263 - 299.
Peter Achinstein (1994). Stronger Evidence. Philosophy of Science 61 (3):329-350.
Theodore Hailperin (1991). Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century. History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
George I. Mavrodes (1998). David Hume and the Probability of Miracles. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43 (3):167-182.
Added to index2011-09-02
Total downloads4 ( #596,801 of 1,948,518 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #294,737 of 1,948,518 )
How can I increase my downloads?