David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Erkenntnis 37 (1):115 - 143 (1992)
Economic concepts and methods are used to throw light on some aspects of common-sense ethics and the difference between it and Utilitarianism. (1) Very few exceptions are allowed to the rules of common-sense ethics, because of the cost of information required to justify an exception to Conscience and to other people. No such stringency characterizes Utilitarianism, an abstract system constructed by philosophers. (2) Rule Utilitarianism is neither consistent with common-sense ethics, nor does it maximize utility as has been claimed for it. The same is true of more recent variants of Utilitarianism. (3) Second best and first best are usually identical in common-sense ethics. They are often identical in Utilitarianism when a moral situation can be represented by a Prisoner's Dilemma. However, problems arise in permissive forms of Utilitarianism when it is not obvious that second best should be applied.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Baruch A. Brody (1970). Moral Rules and Particular Circumstances. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
Henry Sidgwick (1901/2009). Methods of Ethics. Kaplan Pub..
Michael A. Slote (1992). From Morality to Virtue. Oxford University Press.
Anthony Skelton (2008). Sidgwick's Philosophical Intuitions. Etica and Politica / Ethics & Politics 10 (2):185-209.
Michael De Medeiros (2010). Common Sense. Weigl Publishers.
Clay Splawn (2001). “The Self-Other Asymmetry and Act Utilitarianism.”. Utilitas 13 (3):323-333.
James Wood Bailey (1997). Utilitarianism, Institutions, and Justice. Oxford University Press.
David Thomas (1978). Sociology and Common Sense. Inquiry 21 (1-4):1 – 32.
Thomas L. Carson (1986). Hare's Defense of Utilitarianism. Philosophical Studies 50 (1):97 - 115.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #45,810 of 1,096,632 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #265,701 of 1,096,632 )
How can I increase my downloads?