Levels of consciousness and self-awareness: A comparison and integration of various neurocognitive views
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):358-371 (2006)
Quite a few recent models are rapidly introducing new concepts describing diﬀerent levels of consciousness. This situation is getting confusing because some theorists formulate their models without making reference to existing views, redundantly adding complexity to an already diﬃcult problem. In this paper, I present and compare nine neurocognitive models to highlight points of convergence and divergence. Two aspects of consciousness seem especially important: perception of self in time and complexity of self-representations. To this I add frequency of self-focus, amount of self-related information, and accuracy of self-knowledge. Overall, I conclude that many novel concepts (e.g., reﬂective, primary, core, extended, recursive, and minimal consciousness) are useful in helping us distinguish between delicate variations in consciousness and in clarifying theoretical issues that have been intensely debated in the scientiﬁc literature—e.g., consciousness in relation to mirror self-recognition and language. Ó 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
|Keywords||*Awareness *Cognitive Processes *Consciousness States *Self Evaluation *Self Perception Neurology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Céline Duval, Pascale Piolino, Alexandre Bejanin, Francis Eustache & Béatrice Desgranges (2011). Age Effects on Different Components of Theory of Mind. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):627-642.
Marie-Christine Nizzi, Athena Demertzi, Olivia Gosseries, Marie-Aurélie Bruno, François Jouen & Steven Laureys (2012). From Armchair to Wheelchair: How Patients with a Locked-in Syndrome Integrate Bodily Changes in Experienced Identity. Consciouness and Cognition 21 (1):431-437.
Christel Devue & Serge Brédart (2011). The Neural Correlates of Visual Self-Recognition. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):40-51.
Similar books and articles
Peter G. Grossenbacher (2001). A Phenomenological Introduction to the Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness. In , Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. 1-19.
P. Rochat (2003). Five Levels of Self-Awareness as They Unfold Early in Life. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):717-731.
J. Feinstein, M. Stein, G. Castillo & M. Paulus (2004). From Sensory Processes to Conscious Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):323-335.
Antonino Raffone, Angela Tagini & Narayanan Srinivasan (2010). Mindfulness and the Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention and Awareness. Zygon 45 (3):627-646.
P. Cicogna & M. Bosinelli (2001). Consciousness During Dreams. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):26-41.
Stephen M. Kosslyn (2001). Visual Consciousness. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins. 79-103.
Mark C. Price (2001). Now You See It, Now You Don't: Preventing Consciousness with Visual Masking. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. 25-60.
Peter G. Grossenbacher (2001). Multisensory Coordination and the Evolution of Consciousness. In , Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins. 277-314.
Phan Luu, John M. Kelley & Daniel Levitin (2001). Consciousness: A Preparatory and Comparative Process. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. 247-275.
Alain Morin (2004). Levels of Consciousness and Self-Awareness: A Comparison and Integration of Various Views. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):358-371.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads84 ( #15,061 of 1,101,073 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #59,033 of 1,101,073 )
How can I increase my downloads?