David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 182 (2):297-313 (2011)
Traditional representations of philosophy have tended to prize the role of reason in the discipline. These accounts focus exclusively on ideas and arguments as animating forces in the field. But anecdotal evidence and more rigorous sociological studies suggest there is more going on in philosophy. In this article, we present two hypotheses about social factors in the field: that social factors influence the development of philosophy, and that status and reputation—and thus social influence—will tend to be awarded to philosophers who offer rationally compelling arguments for their views. In order to test these hypotheses, we need a more comprehensive grasp on the field than traditional representations afford. In particular, we need more substantial data about various social connections between philosophers. This investigation belongs to a naturalized metaphilosophy, an empirical study of the discipline itself, and it offers prospects for a fuller and more reliable understanding of philosophy
|Keywords||Philosophy Sociology Networks Reason Naturalism|
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David Bloor (1991). Knowledge and Social Imagery. University of Chicago Press.
G. A. Cohen (2000). If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're so Rich. Journal of Ethics 4 (1-2):1-26.
Randall Collins (1998). The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Anthony F. Beavers (2011). Noesis and the Encyclopedic Internet Vision. Synthese 182 (2):315 - 333.
Bob Plant (2012). Philosophical Diversity and Disagreement. Metaphilosophy 43 (5):567-591.
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