New Perspectives on the Study of the Authority Relationship: Integrating Individual and Societal Level Research
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (3):291-307 (2011)
The concept of authority crosses many social sciences, but there is a lack of common taxonomy and definitions on this topic. The aims of this review are: to define the basic characteristics of the authority relationship, reaching a definition suitable for the different domains of social psychology and social sciences; to bridge the gap between individual and societal levels of explanation concerning the authority relationship, by proposing an interpretation within the framework of social representations. The authority relationship can be conceived as a negotiation of meanings and it is closely linked to shared value orientation and the attribution of meanings negotiated within a society. We assume that the authority relationship is socially constructed and represents both a shared representation of society and a normative principle of social life. A multidisciplinary approach is adopted, crossing definitions and studies provided in sociology, political science, law and social psychology
|Keywords||Authority Obedience Social Change Social Representations Democracy|
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Amitai Etzioni (1996). A Moderate Communitarian Proposal. Political Theory 24 (2):155-171.
John H. Schaar (1961). Escape From Authority. New York, Basic Books.
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