David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):342-351 (2011)
The paper examines philosophical issues that arise in contexts where one has many different models for treating the same system. I show why in some cases this appears relatively unproblematic (models of turbulence) while others represent genuine difficulties when attempting to interpret the information that models provide (nuclear models). What the examples show is that while complementary models needn’t be a hindrance to knowledge acquisition, the kind of inconsistency present in nuclear cases is, since it is indicative of a lack of genuine theoretical understanding. It is important to note that the differences in modeling do not result directly from the status of our knowledge of turbulent flows as opposed to nuclear dynamics—both face fundamental theoretical problems in the construction and application of models. However, as we shall, the ‘problem context(s)’ in which the modeling takes plays a decisive role in evaluating the epistemic merit of the models themselves. Moreover, the theoretical difficulties that give rise to inconsistent as opposed to complementary models (in the cases I discuss) impose epistemic and methodological burdens that cannot be overcome by invoking philosophical strategies like perspectivism, paraconsistency or partial structures.
|Keywords||Models Inconsistence Turbulence Nuclear structure|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gordon Belot (2007). Is Classical Electrodynamics an Inconsistent Theory? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):263-282.
Bryson Brown (1992). Old Quantum Theory: A Paraconsistent Approach. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:397 - 411.
F. A. Muller (2007). Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics? Philosophy of Science 74 (2):253-277.
Demetris Portides (2011). Seeking Representations of Phenomena: Phenomenological Models. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):334-341.
Graham Priest, Paraconsistent Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Citations of this work BETA
Robin Nunn (2012). Many‐Models Medicine: Diversity as the Best Medicine. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):974-978.
James Griesemer (2013). Formalization and the Meaning of “Theory” in the Inexact Biological Sciences. Biological Theory 7 (4):298-310.
Similar books and articles
Demetris P. Portides (2005). Scientific Models and the Semantic View of Scientific Theories. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1287-1298.
Stephan Hartmann (1995). Models as a Tool for Theory Construction: Some Strategies of Preliminary Physics. In William Herfel et al (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi.
Bruce Bridgeman (2006). It is Not Evolutionary Models, but Models in General That Social Science Needs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):351-352.
Daniela Bailer-Jones (2000). Modelling Extended Extragalactic Radio Sources. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 31 (1):49-74.
Ronald N. Giere (1999). Using Models to Represent Reality. In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum. 41--57.
Rainer Kerth (1998). Isomorphism and Equational Equivalence of Continuous Λ-Models. Studia Logica 61 (3):403-415.
David M. Kaplan & William Bechtel (2011). Dynamical Models: An Alternative or Complement to Mechanistic Explanations? Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):438-444.
Alisa Bokulich (2011). How Scientific Models Can Explain. Synthese 180 (1):33 - 45.
Tarja Knuuttila & Atro Voutilainen (2003). A Parser as an Epistemic Artifact: A Material View on Models. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1484-1495.
Uskali Mäki (2009). MISSing the World. Models as Isolations and Credible Surrogate Systems. Erkenntnis 70 (1):29 - 43.
Stephan Hartmann & Roman Frigg (2006). Models in Science. In Ed Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford.
Steven Rappaport (2001). Economic Models as Mini-Theories. Journal of Economic Methodology 8 (2):275-285.
Added to index2011-06-11
Total downloads74 ( #24,193 of 1,692,196 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #47,729 of 1,692,196 )
How can I increase my downloads?