David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 7 (4):347 – 365 (2001)
This article describes a study on capacity limitations that affect the construction of spatial mental models. A process model is presented, according to which the construction of a mental model in Ehrlich and Johnson-Laird's (1982) spatial descriptions task places a workload of six information chunks for continuous and semi-continuous descriptions, and seven chunks for discontinuous descriptions. Participants (48 undergraduate students) performed the spatial descriptions task and the figural intersections test (FIT), which yields a capacity score. The pattern of errors and sentence reading times in the spatial descriptions task confirmed that participants were using mental models. The FIT score was positively correlated with accuracy in the spatial descriptions task. Prediction analysis of cross-classification tables showed that, for successful performance in continuous and semi-continuous descriptions, a FIT score of 6 was necessary, and a score of 7 in discontinuous descriptions. These results are in agreement with theoretical predictions. The issue of integrating mental models theory with analyses of capacity limitations in performance is discussed.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Manuel Carreiras & Carlos Santamaria (1997). Reasoning About Relations: Spatial and Nonspatial Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (3):191 – 208.
Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
Markus Knauff & Christoph Schlieder (2004). Spatial Inference: No Difference Between Mental Images and Mental Models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):589-590.
Holger Schultheis & Thomas Barkowsky (2011). Casimir: An Architecture for Mental Spatial Knowledge Processing. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (4):778-795.
K. J. Gilhooly, V. Wynn, L. H. Phillips, R. H. Logie & S. Della Sala (2002). Visuo-Spatial and Verbal Working Memory in the Five-Disc Tower of London Task: An Individual Differences Approach. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):165 – 178.
Alan F. Collins, Thomas C. Ormerod, Linden J. Ball & Piers Fleming (2011). Sentence Memorability Reveals the Mental Representations Involved in Processing Spatial Descriptions. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (1):30-56.
Bencie Woll (2003). The Neural Representation of Spatial Predicate-Argument Structures in Sign Language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):300-301.
Wouter Duyck & Andr (2003). Conditional Reasoning with a Spatial Content Requires Visuo-Spatial Working Memory. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):267 – 287.
Andre Vandierendonck (1996). Evidence for Mental-Model-Based Reasoning: A Comparison of Reasoning with Time and Space Concepts. Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):249 – 272.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #198,664 of 1,089,053 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,801 of 1,089,053 )
How can I increase my downloads?