Possible links between self-awareness and inner speech: Theoretical background, underlying mechanisms, and empirical evidence
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):115-134 (2005)
been recently proposed (Morin, 2003; 2004). The model takes into account most known mechanisms and processes leading to self-awareness, and examines their multiple and complex interactions. Inner speech is postulated to play a key-role in this model, as it establishes important connections between many of its ele- ments. This paper first reviews past and current references to a link between self-awareness and inner speech. It then presents an analysis of the nature of the relation between these two concepts. It is suggested that inner speech can inter- nally reproduce and expand social and physical (ecological) sources of self- awareness. Inner speech can also create a psychological distance between the self and mental events it experiences (thus facilitating self-observation) it can act as a problem-solving device where the self represents the problem and self-information the solution, and can label aspects of one’s inner life that would otherwise be difficult to objectively perceive. Empirical evidence supporting the role of inner speech in self-awareness is also presented
|Keywords||Connection Language Mechanism Self-awareness Speech|
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Richard Menary (2010). Dimensions of Mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (4):561-578.
Russell T. Hurlburt, Christopher L. Heavey & Jason M. Kelsey (2013). Toward a Phenomenology of Inner Speaking. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1477-1494.
Agustin Vicente & Fernando Martínez-Manrique (2011). Inner Speech: Nature and Functions. Philosophy Compass 6 (3):209-219.
Peter Langland‐Hassan (2014). Inner Speech and Metacognition: In Search of a Connection. Mind and Language 29 (5):511-533.
Gary Williams (2011). What is It Like to Be Nonconscious? A Defense of Julian Jaynes. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):217-239.
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