David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 5 (1):7-32 (1992)
A developing neurobiological/psychological theory of positive motivation gives a key causal role to reward events in the brain which can be directly activated by electrical stimulation (ESB). In its strongest form, this Reward Event Theory (RET) claims that all positive motivation, primary and learned, is functionally dependent on these reward events. Some of the empirical evidence is reviewed which either supports or challenges RET. The paper examines the implications of RET for the concepts of 'motivation', 'desire' and 'reward' or 'pleasure'. It is argued (1) that a 'causal base' as opposed to a functional' concept of motivation has theoretical advantages; (2) that a causal distinction between the focus' and the 'anchor' of desire suggests an ineliminable 'opacity' of desire; and (3) that some affective concept, such as 'pleasure', should play a key role in psychological explanation, distinct from that of motivational (or cognitive) concepts. A concept of 'reward' or 'pleasure' as intrinsically positive affect is defended, and contrasted with the more 'operational' definitions of 'reward' in some of the hypotheses of Roy Wise
|Keywords||Cognition Desire Motivation Pleasure Psychology Punishment Science|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ronald De Sousa (2006). Dust, Ashes, and Vice: On Tim Schroeder's Theory of Desire. Dialogue 45 (1):139-150.
Edmund T. Rolls (2000). Précis of the Brain and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):177-191.
Ross Buck (2000). Conceptualizing Motivation and Emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):195-196.
Carolyn R. Morillo (1990). The Reward Event and Motivation. Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):169-186.
Carolyn R. Morillo (1995). Contingent Creatures: Reward Event Theory of Motivation. Rowman & Littlefield.
Timothy Schroeder (2006). Precis of Three Faces of Desire. Dialogue 45 (1):125-130.
Timothy Schroeder (2006). Reply to Critics. Dialogue 45 (1):165-174.
Noa Latham (2006). Three Compatible Theories of Desire. Dialogue 45 (1):131-138.
Timothy Schroeder (2004). Three Faces of Desire. Oxford University Press.
Andrew Brook (2006). Desire, Reward, Feeling: Commentary on Three Faces of Desire. Dialogue 45 (1):157-164.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #97,310 of 1,700,378 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,700,378 )
How can I increase my downloads?