David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Erkenntnis 41 (1):49 - 64 (1994)
Libertarians claim that human behaviour is undetermined and cannot be predicted from knowledge of past history even in principle since it is based on the random movements of quantum mechanics. Determinists on the other hand deny thatmacroscopic phenomena can be activated bysub-microscopic events, and assert that if human action is unpredictable in the way claimed by libertarians, it must be aimless and irrational. This is not true of some types of random behaviour described in this paper. Random behaviour may make one unpredictable to opponents and may therefore be rational. Similarly, playing a game with a mixed strategy may have an unpredictable outcome in every single play, but the strategy is rational, in that it is meant to maximize the expected value of an objective, be it private or social. As to whether the outcome of such behaviour is genuinely unpredictable as in quantum mechanics, or predictable by a hypothetical outside observer knowing all natural laws, it is argued that it makes no difference in practice, as long as it is not humanly predictable. Thus we have a new version of libertarianism which is compatible with determinism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Friederike Schüür & Patrick Haggard (2011). What Are Self-Generated Actions? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1697-1704.
Similar books and articles
Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):661-691.
Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos☆. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
Roman Frigg (2004). In What Sense is the Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy a Measure for Chaotic Behaviour?—Bridging the Gap Between Dynamical Systems Theory and Communication Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):411 - 434.
Christopher Ormell (1993). A Modern Cogito 4: Random Versus Perverse-Random. Cogito 7 (3):216-225.
Ted Honderich (ed.) (1973). Essays on Freedom of Action. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
André Nies, Frank Stephan & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn (2005). Randomness, Relativization and Turing Degrees. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):515 - 535.
Danny Frederick (2010). Popper and Free Will. Studia Philosophica Estonica 3 (1):21-38.
Roman Frigg (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads33 ( #58,018 of 1,140,107 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #38,410 of 1,140,107 )
How can I increase my downloads?