David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social and Personality Psychology Compass 2:1004-1012 (2011)
The present review of literature surveys two main issues related to self-referential processes: (1) Where in the brain are these processes located, and do they correlate with brain areas uniquely specialized in self-processing? (2) What are the empirical and theoretical links between inner speech and self-awareness? Although initial neuroimaging attempts tended to favor a right hemispheric view of selfawareness, more recent work shows that the brain areas which support self-related processes are located in both hemispheres and are not uniquely activated during self-reflective tasks. Furthermore, self-awareness at least partially relies on internal speech. An activation of Broca's area (which is known to sustain inner speech) is observed in a significant number of brain-imaging studies of self-reflection. Loss of inner speech following brain damage produces self-awareness deficits. Inner speech most likely can internally reproduce social mechanisms leading to self-awareness. Also, the process of self-reflection can be seen as being a problem-solving task, and self-talk as being a cognitive tool the individual uses to effectively work on the task. It is noted that although a large body of knowledge already exists on self-awareness, little is known about individual differences in dispositional self-focus and types of self-attention (e.g., rumination vs. self-reflection)
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alain Morin (2005). Possible Links Between Self-Awareness and Inner Speech: Theoretical Background, Underlying Mechanisms, and Empirical Evidence. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):115-134.
Alain Morin (2001). The Split-Brain Debate Revisited: On the Importance of Language and Self-Recognition for Right Hemispheric Consciousness. Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (2):107-118.
A. Morin & J. Michaud (2007). Self-Awareness and the Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus: Inner Speech Use During Self-Related Processing. Brain Research Bulletin 74 (6):387-396.
Alain Morin (2009). Inner Speech and Consciousness. In W. Banks (ed.), Encyclopedia of Consciousness. Elsevier
Alain Morin & James Everett (1991). Self-Awareness and Introspective Private Speech in 6-Year-Old Children. Psychological Reports 68:1299-1306.
Alain Morin (1999). On a Relation Between Self-Awareness and Inner Speech: Additional Evidence From Brain Studies. Dynamical Psychology.
Alain Morin (2011). Self-Awareness Part 1: Definition, Measures, Effects, Functions, and Antecedents. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 5: 807-823.
Alain Morin (2002). Right Hemispheric Self-Awareness: A Critical Assessment. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):396-401.
Victor A. F. Lamme (2001). Neural Mechanisms of Visual Awareness: A Linking Proposition. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 1 (3):385-406.
Alain Morin (2009). Self-Awareness Deficits Following Loss of Inner Speech: Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor's Case Study☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):524-529.
Alain Morin (1993). Self-Talk and Self-Awareness: On the Nature of the Relation. Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (3):223-234.
Alain Morin & J. Michaud, Self-Awareness and the Left Inferior Frontal Gyrus: Selective Involvement of Inner Speech in Self-Related Processes.
Alain Morin, Developing Self-Awareness with Inner Speech: Theoretical Background, Underlying Mechanisms, and Empirical Evidence.
Alain Morin (2004). A Neurocognitive and Socioecological Model of Self-Awareness. Genetic Social And General Psychology Monographs 130 (3):197-222.
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore & Chris Frith (2003). Self-Awareness and Action. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Special Issue 13 (2):219-224.
Added to index2011-06-20
Total downloads136 ( #29,366 of 1,934,834 )
Recent downloads (6 months)37 ( #14,826 of 1,934,834 )
How can I increase my downloads?