David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (4):613-629 (2009)
This essay considers eighteenth-century Anglican thinker Joseph Butler's view of the role of natural emotions in moral reasoning and action. Emotions such as compassion and resentment are shown to play a positive role in the moral life by motivating action and by directing agents toward certain good objects—for example, relief of misery and justice. For Butler, moral virtue is present when these natural affections are kept in proper proportion by the "superior" principles of the moral life—conscience, self-love, and benevolence—which involve the capacity for reasonable reflection. For contemporary thinkers, Butler's approach suggests that natural emotion should not be viewed as the enemy of moral reasoning; in fact, it challenges ethicists to pay attention to and account for the significant role of the emotions in the moral life
|Keywords||virtue conscience emotion Joseph Butler reason self‐love benevolence|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Alasdair C. MacIntyre (2007). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. University of Notre Dame Press.
Martha C. Nussbaum (2001). Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Fiery Cushman, Liane Young & Marc Hauser (2006). The Role of Conscious Reasoning and Intuition in Moral Judgment. Psychological Science 17 (12):1082-1089.
Diana Fritz Cates, Pamela M. Hall, G. Simon Harak, James F. Keenan, Daniel Mark Nelson & Paul J. Waddell (1998). Choosing to Feel: Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends. Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (1):189-215.
Jean Porter (1992). [Book Review] the Recovery of Virtue, the Relevance of Aquinas for Christian Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethics 102 (2):403-404.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Joseph Butler (1736). Dissertation II: Of the Nature of Virtue. In The Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature. James, John and Paul Knapton
Alice MacLachlan (2010). Resentment and Moral Judgment in Smith and Butler. The Adam Smith Review 5:161-177.
John R. Bowlin (2000). Sieges, Shipwrecks, and Sensible Knaves: Justice and Utility in Butler and Hume. Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (2):253 - 280.
David E. White, Joseph Butler. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Joseph Millum (2008). A Biological Alternative to Moral Explanations. Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):385-407.
J. F. Worthen (1995). Joseph Butler's Case for Virtue: Conscience as a Power of Sight in a Darkened World. Journal of Religious Ethics 23 (2):239-261.
Bert Molewijk, Dick Kleinlugtenbelt & Guy Widdershoven (2011). The Role of Emotions in Moral Case Deliberation: Theory, Practice, and Methodology. Bioethics 25 (7):383-393.
Susan Stark (2004). A Change of Heart: Moral Emotions, Transformation, and Moral Virtue. Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (1):31-50.
Christopher Cunliffe (ed.) (1992). Joseph Butler's Moral and Religious Thought: Tercentenary Essays. Oxford University Press.
Arthur J. Dyck & Carlos Padilla (2009). The Empathic Emotions and Self-Love in Bishop Joseph Butler and the Neurosciences. Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (4):577-612.
Added to index2009-11-26
Total downloads22 ( #172,776 of 1,907,148 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #467,610 of 1,907,148 )
How can I increase my downloads?