David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophia 37 (2):307-333 (2009)
Some philosophers have argued that refraining from performing an action consists in actively keeping oneself from performing that action or preventing one’s performing it. Since activities must be held to be positive actions, this implies that negative actions are a species of positive actions which is to say that all actions are positive actions. I defend the following claims: (i) Positive actions necessarily include activity or effort, negative actions may require activity or effort, but never include the activity or effort which may be required. (ii) Unless it is, or was, at some time in P’s power to Q, P does not refrain from Q-ing. (iii) Negative actions are actions , they are causings of negative facts.
|Keywords||Negative action Refraining Individuation|
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References found in this work BETA
A. J. Ayer (1952). Negation. Journal of Philosophy 49 (26):797-815.
Jeremy Bentham (1988). The Principles of Morals and Legislation. Prometheus Books.
Myles Brand (1971). The Language of Not Doing. American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (1):45 - 53.
Timothy Chappell (2002). Two Distinctions That Do Make a Difference: The Action/Omission Distinction and the Principle of Double Effect. Philosophy 77 (2):211-233.
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