Reconstructing Lakatos: A reassessment of Lakatos' epistemological project in the light of the Lakatos archive
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (3):487-509 (2002)
Based on the material in the Lakatos Archive, this paper reconstructs, and then re-assesses, Lakatos' epistemological project by placing it in the context of the debate on the role of reason in the history of science, and of the justification of rationality as a normative notion. It is claimed that Lakatos' most fruitful ideas come from a peculiar philosophical combination of Hegelian historicism and Popperian fallibilism. The original tension, however, cannot be ultimately resolved. As a consequence, the problems that Lakatos has to deal with in his attempt to justify a set of genuinely epistemological canons of scientific rationality that are not reducible to psychology or sociology of knowledge stand as a warning for any normative philosophy of science that takes history at its face value.
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References found in this work BETA
Imre Lakatos (1978). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge University Press.
Imre Lakatos (ed.) (1976). Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery. Cambridge University Press.
W. V. Quine (1969). Epistemology Naturalized. In Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. New York: Columbia University Press
Imre Lakatos (1970). Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. In Imre Lakatos & Alan Musgrave (eds.), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Cambridge University Press 91-195.
Imre Lakatos (1971). History of Science and its Rational Reconstructions. In R. C. Buck & R. S. Cohen (eds.), PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. D. Reidel 91-108.
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