David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (3):415 - 434 (1978)
The familiar Vendler-Kenny scheme of verb-types, viz., performances (further differentiated by Vedler into accomplishments and achievements), activities, and states, is too narrow in two important respects. First, it is narrow linguistically. It fails to take into account the phenomenon of verb aspect. The trichotomy is not one of verbs as lexical types but of predications. Second, the trichotomy is narrow ontologically. It is a specification in the context of human agency of the more fundamental, topic-neutral trichotomy, event-process-state.The central component in this ontological trichotomy, event, can be sharply differentiated from its two flanking components by adapting a suggestion by Geoffrey N. Leech and others that the contrast between perfective and imperfective aspect in verbs corresponds to the count/mass distinction in the domain of nouns. With the help of two distinctions, of cardinal count adverbials versus frequency adverbials, and of occurrence versus associated occasion, two interrelated criteria for event predication are developed. Accordingly, Mary capsized the boat is an event predication because (a) it is equivalent to There was at least one capsizing of the boat by Mary, or (b) because it admits cardinal count adverbials, e.g., at least once, twice, three times. Ontologically speaking, events are defined as those occurrences that are inherently countable.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
J. Adam Carter, Benjamin Jarvis & Katherine Rubin (2013). Knowledge: Value on the Cheap. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):249-263.
Richard Campbell & Mark H. Bickhard (2011). Physicalism, Emergence and Downward Causation. Axiomathes 21 (1):33-56.
Jennifer Hornsby (2012). Actions and Activity. Philosophical Issues 22 (1):233-245.
Kieran Setiya (2013). Epistemic Agency: Some Doubts. Philosophical Issues 23 (1):179-198.
Helen Steward (2012). Actions as Processes. Philosophical Perspectives 26 (1):373-388.
Similar books and articles
Paul M. Pietroski (1998). Actions, Adjuncts, and Agency. Mind 107 (425):73-111.
Charles M. Myers (1962). Perceptual Events, States, and Processes. Philosophy of Science 29 (July):285-291.
Terence Parsons (1989). The Progressive in English: Events, States and Processes. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (2):213 - 241.
Helen Steward (1997). The Ontology of Mind: Events, Processes, and States. Oxford University Press.
David Nicolas & Patrick Caudal (2005). Types of Degrees and Types of Event Structures. In Event Arguments: Foundations and Applications. Mouton de Gruyter 277-300.
Barry Taylor (1977). Tense and Continuity. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (2):199 - 220.
Rowland Stout, Penultimate Draft of “Two Ways to Understand Causality in Agency”, for Anton Leist (Ed.), Action in Context.
Jerome A. Shaffer (1963). Mental Events and the Brain. Journal of Philosophy 60 (March):160-6.
M. Lynne Murphy (2010). Lexical Meaning. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads79 ( #39,268 of 1,725,870 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #81,081 of 1,725,870 )
How can I increase my downloads?