Graduate studies at Western
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 21 (01):1-56 (2011)
|Abstract||The problem of the Qibla was one of the central issues in the scientific culture of Medieval Islam, and to solve it properly, one needed mathematics and observation. The mathematics consisted of two parts: plane trigonometry (to construct the trigonometric tables) and spherical trigonometry (as the problem belongs to spherical astronomy). Observation and its instruments were needed to find the geographical coordinates of Mecca and the given location; these coordinates (latitude, longitude) will be the input data in the formulas of the Qibla. In his Almagest, Abmodern al-Waf's mathematical methods and the Qibla determinations, supplemented with many important original Arabic texts with translation and commentary|
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