Synthese 151 (3):313-323 (2006)
|Abstract||In a scientific context, ontological commitments should be considered as supervenient over accepted scientific theories. This implies that the primarily ontological notions of reduction and emergence of entities of different kinds should be reformulated in terms of relations between existing empirical theories. For this, in turn, it is most convenient to employ a model-theoretic view of scientific theories: the identity criterion of a scientific theory is essentially given by a class of models. Accordingly, reduction and emergence are to be seen as particular kinds of relations between (some) models of different theories that subsume the same (or a similar) “experiential field”. The set-theoretical notion of an echelon-set proves to be crucial for this purpose: The domains in the models of the reduced theory are echelon-sets over the domains of the reducing theory. Finally, it is argued that emergence may plausibly be interpreted as akin to but weaker than reduction|
|Keywords||Emergentism Model Ontological Commitment Reductionism Science Structure|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
G. Hellman & F. Thomson (1975). Physicalism: Ontology, Determination and Reduction. Journal of Philosophy 72 (October):551-64.
P. Y.-Z. Wan (2011). Emergence a la Systems Theory: Epistemological Totalausschluss or Ontological Novelty? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (2):178-210.
Robert C. Richardson (1999). Cognitive Science and Neuroscience: New Wave Reductionism. Philosopical Psychology 12 (3):297-307.
Lee McIntyre (2007). Emergence and Reduction in Chemistry: Ontological or Epistemological Concepts? Synthese 155 (3):337-343.
Ronald P. Endicott (2007). Reinforcing the Three ‘R's: Reduction, Reception, and Replacement. In M. Schouten & H. Looren de Jong (eds.), The Matter of the Mind: Philosophical Essays on Psychology, Neuroscience, and Reduction. Blackwell.
Stéphanie Ruphy (2006). Ontology Relativized: Reply to Moulines. Synthese 151 (3):325 - 330.
Ingo Brigandt & Alan Love, Reductionism in Biology. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Jeremy Butterfield (2011). Emergence, Reduction and Supervenience: A Varied Landscape. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 41 (6):920-959.
C. Ulises Moulines (2001). Ontology, Reduction, and the Unity of Science. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:19-27.
Sahotra Sarkar (1992). Models of Reduction and Categories of Reductionism. Synthese 91 (3):167-94.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads58 ( #20,238 of 722,741 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #25,873 of 722,741 )
How can I increase my downloads?