David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavior and Philosophy 25 (1):3 - 28 (1997)
The assumption that Skinner was a determinist requires some modification. Although Skinner may have favored determinism to varying degrees while he was advancing mechanistic accounts of behavior that were aligned with the views such as those of Loeb, Watson, and Russell, his advancement of determinism disappeared after his accounts became more closely aligned with selectionist views such as those of Mach, Peirce, and Dewey. This realignment entailed a switch from finding origins or sources for behavior in deterministic laws to finding origins or sources for behavior in random variation. Some sense of the conflict between these views appears early on in Skinner's writing, and arguments in favor of both of these views can be found in sources that Skinner identified in his writings. Although there were good reasons for Skinner to accept determinism when he was advancing a mechanistic behaviorism, there were also good reasons for Skinner to abandon determinism when he was advancing a selectionist behaviorism.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Roy A. Moxley (1996). The Import of Skinner's Three-Term Contingency. Behavior and Philosophy 24 (2):145 - 167.
Roy A. Moxley (1997). Skinner: From Essentialist to Selectionist Meaning. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (2):95 - 119.
Roy A. Moxley (2006). B. F. Skinner's Other Positivistic Book: "Walden Two". Behavior and Philosophy 34:19 - 37.
Roy A. Moxley (2001). The Modern/Postmodern Context of Skinner's Selectionist Turn in 1945. Behavior and Philosophy 29:121 - 153.
Roy A. Moxley (1999). The Two Skinners, Modern and Postmodern. Behavior and Philosophy 27 (2):97 - 125.
Judith L. Scharff (1999). Skinner's Reinforcement Theory: A Heideggerian Assessment of Its Empirical Success and Philosophical Failure. Behavior and Philosophy 27 (1):1 - 17.
Robert N. Audi (1976). B.F. Skinner on Freedom, Dignity, and the Explanation of Behavior. Behaviorism 4 (2):163-186.
John C. Malone Jr & Natalie M. Cruchon (2001). Radical Behaviorism and the Rest of Psychology: A Review/Précis of Skinner's "About Behaviorism". Behavior and Philosophy 29:31 - 57.
Carl G. Hedman (1975). Toward a Spinozistic Modification of Skinner's Theory of Man. Inquiry 18 (3):325 – 335.
Jon D. Ringen (1976). Explanation, Teleology, and Operant Behaviorism. Philosophy of Science 43 (June):223-253.
Carl G. Hedman (1974). An Anarchist Reply to Skinner on 'Weak' Methods of Control. Inquiry 17 (1-4):105 – 111.
Martin E. Morf (1998). Sartre, Skinner, and the Compatibilist Freedom to Be Authentically. Behavior and Philosophy 26 (1/2):29 - 43.
Travis Thompson (2005). Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner: Autitaxia, Autitypy, and Autism. Behavior and Philosophy 33:101 - 131.
B. F. Skinner (1971). Beyond Freedom and Dignity. Penguin Books.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads12 ( #124,436 of 1,096,954 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #74,153 of 1,096,954 )
How can I increase my downloads?