David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavior and Philosophy 24 (2):145 - 167 (1996)
Skinner moved his behavior analysis into a selection-by-consequences tradition that largely if not completely replaced the mechanistic apparatus in the mechanistic tradition of early behaviorism. However, remnants of that apparatus have not been abandoned by some behavior analysts who have appealed to Skinner for support. For example, some behavior analysts have made claims in support of Newtonian mechanism, physical determinism, predominant similarities between the views of the mechanist Jacques Loeb and those of Skinner, and interpreting Skinner's operant as a two-term contingency. These claims have been made with appeals to Skinner for their validity. Such claims support a realignment of Skinner's behavior analysis with the mechanistic tradition that served as a framework for many early behaviorists. But Skinner's account of his three-term contingency does not support such claims. The view presented here argues that Skinner's operant is integrated as a three-term unit within a selectionist tradition that has explanatory origins in probabilistic relations and random variation. This tradition is fundamentally opposed to a mechanistic tradition that has explanatory origins in determinism and its manifestations in paired connections of if-then necessity.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Roy A. Moxley (1997). Skinner: From Determinism to Random Variation. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (1):3 - 28.
Roy A. Moxley (1997). Skinner: From Essentialist to Selectionist Meaning. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (2):95 - 119.
Roy A. Moxley (2001). The Modern/Postmodern Context of Skinner's Selectionist Turn in 1945. Behavior and Philosophy 29:121 - 153.
Jon D. Ringen (1976). Explanation, Teleology, and Operant Behaviorism. Philosophy of Science 43 (June):223-253.
Roy A. Moxley (2006). B. F. Skinner's Other Positivistic Book: "Walden Two". Behavior and Philosophy 34:19 - 37.
Roy A. Moxley (1999). The Two Skinners, Modern and Postmodern. Behavior and Philosophy 27 (2):97 - 125.
Judith L. Scharff (1999). Skinner's Reinforcement Theory: A Heideggerian Assessment of Its Empirical Success and Philosophical Failure. Behavior and Philosophy 27 (1):1 - 17.
Carl G. Hedman (1974). An Anarchist Reply to Skinner on 'Weak' Methods of Control. Inquiry 17 (1-4):105 – 111.
Martin E. Morf (1998). Sartre, Skinner, and the Compatibilist Freedom to Be Authentically. Behavior and Philosophy 26 (1/2):29 - 43.
Travis Thompson (2005). Paul E. Meehl and B. F. Skinner: Autitaxia, Autitypy, and Autism. Behavior and Philosophy 33:101 - 131.
B. F. Skinner (1971). Beyond Freedom and Dignity. Penguin Books.
Ullin T. Place (1988). Skinner's Distinction Between Rule-Governed and Contingency-Shaped Behaviour. Philosophical Psychology 1 (2):225 – 234.
Robert N. Audi (1976). B.F. Skinner on Freedom, Dignity, and the Explanation of Behavior. Behaviorism 4 (2):163-186.
Peter R. Killeen (2004). Minding Behavior. Behavior and Philosophy 32 (1):125-147.
Joseph J. Pear (2004). Correspondences Between the Interactive Alignment Account and Skinner's in Verbal Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):206-207.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads15 ( #238,333 of 1,796,591 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #466,501 of 1,796,591 )
How can I increase my downloads?