David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Studies 141 (3):299 - 322 (2008)
The fission of a person involves what common sense describes as a single person surviving as two distinct people. Thus, say most metaphysicians, this paradox shows us that common sense is inconsistent with the transitivity of identity. Lewis’s theory of overlapping persons, buttressed with tensed identity, gives us one way to reconcile the common sense claims. Lewis’s account, however, implausibly says that reference to a person about to undergo fission is ambiguous. A better way to reconcile the claims of common sense, one that avoids this ambiguity, is to recognize branching persons, persons who have multiple pasts or futures.
|Keywords||Metaphysics Fission Personal identity Tensed identity Four-dimensionalism Temporal parts theory|
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References found in this work BETA
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
Theodore Sider (2001). Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time. Oxford University Press.
David K. Lewis (1983). Philosophical Papers. Oxford University Press.
Peter M. Simons (1987/2000). Parts: A Study in Ontology. Oxford University Press.
David Wiggins (1980). Sameness and Substance. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Jacob Ross (2014). Divided We Fall. Philosophical Perspectives 28 (1):222-262.
Simon Langford & Murali Ramachandran (2011). Occasional Identity: A Tale of Two Approaches. Analytic Philosophy 52 (3):175-187.
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