Artificial nutrition and hydration in the patient with advanced dementia: is withholding treatment compatible with traditional Judaism?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (1):12-15 (2001)
Several religious traditions are widely believed to advocate the use of life-sustaining treatment in all circumstances. Hence, many believe that these faiths would require the use of a feeding tube in patients with advanced dementia who have lost interest in or the capacity to swallow food. This article explores whether one such tradition—halachic Judaism—in fact demands the use of artificial nutrition and hydration in this setting. Traditional arguments have been advanced holding that treatment can be withheld in persons who are dying, in individuals whose condition causes great suffering, or in the event that the treatment would produce suffering. Individuals with advanced dementia can be considered to be dying, often suffer as a result of their dementia, and are likely to suffer from the use of a feeding tube. Given these observations and the absence of a compelling case for distinguishing between tube feeding and other forms of medical treatment, traditional Judaism appears compatible with withholding artificial nutrition for individuals with advanced dementia
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sami Alsolamy (2014). Islamic Views on Artificial Nutrition and Hydration in Terminally Ill Patients. Bioethics 28 (2):96-99.
Catherine Constable (2012). Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration for Patients in a Permanent Vegetative State: Changing Tack. Bioethics 26 (3):157-163.
C. Tollefsen (ed.) (2008). Artificial Nutrition and Hydration. Springer Press.
G. M. Craig (1996). On Withholding Artificial Hydration and Nutrition From Terminally Ill Sedated Patients. The Debate Continues. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (3):147-153.
J. C. Sheather (2013). Withdrawing and Withholding Artificial Nutrition and Hydration From Patients in a Minimally Conscious State: Re: M and its Repercussions. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):543-546.
Els Bryon, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans (2011). 'Because We See Them Naked' – Nurses' Experiences in Caring for Hospitalized Patients with Dementia: Considering Artificial Nutrition or Hydration (Anh). Bioethics 26 (6):285-295.
R. Gillon (1998). Persistent Vegetative State, Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration, and the Patient's "Best Interests". Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):75-76.
William F. May (2012). Testing the Medical Covenant: Caring for Patients with Advanced Dementia. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):45-50.
G. M. Craig (1994). On Withholding Nutrition and Hydration in the Terminally Ill: Has Palliative Medicine Gone Too Far? Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):139-145.
Nicolas Porta & Joel Frader (2007). Withholding Hydration and Nutrition in Newborns. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):443-451.
E. Wilkes (1994). On Withholding Nutrition and Hydration in the Terminally Ill: Has Palliative Medicine Gone Too Far? A Commentary. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (3):144-145.
R. J. Dunlop, J. E. Ellershaw, M. J. Baines, N. Sykes & C. M. Saunders (1995). On Withholding Nutrition and Hydration in the Terminally Ill: Has Palliative Medicine Gone Too Far? A Reply. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (3):141-143.
Thomas J. Bole (1990). The Ordinary-Extraordinary Distinction Reconsidered: A Moral Context for the Proper Calculus of Benefits and Burdens. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 2 (4):219-232.
Helen Higham (2006). Artificial Nutrition and Hydration: Managing the Practicalities. Clinical Ethics 1 (2):86-89.
R. Z. Schostak (1994). Jewish Ethical Guidelines for Resuscitation and Artificial Nutrition and Hydration of the Dying Elderly. Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (2):93-100.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads10 ( #170,909 of 1,692,471 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #184,284 of 1,692,471 )
How can I increase my downloads?