David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):291-305 (2011)
I characterize the main approaches to the moral consideration of children developed in the light of the argument from 'marginal' cases, and develop a more adequate strategy that provides guidance about the moral responsibilities adults have towards children. The first approach discounts the significance of children's potential and makes obligations to all children indirect, dependent upon interests others may have in children being treated well. The next approaches agree that the potential of children is morally considerable, but disagree as to whether and why children with intellectual disabilities are morally considerable. These approaches explore the moral significance of intellectual capacities, species membership, the capacity for welfare, and the interests of others. I argue that relationships characterized by reciprocity of care are morally valuable, that both the potential to be in such relationships and the actuality of being in them are morally valuable, and that many children with significant intellectual disabilities have this potential
|Keywords||Children Disability Reciprocity Relationships|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Tom Regan (2009). The Case for Animal Rights. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Noûs. Oxford University Press 425-434.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Michael Tomasello, Malinda Carpenter, Josep Call, Tanya Behne & Henrike Moll (2005). Understanding and Sharing Intentions: The Origins of Cultural Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):675-691.
Citations of this work BETA
Amy Mullin (2015). Early Pregnancy Losses: Multiple Meanings and Moral Considerations. Journal of Social Philosophy 46 (1):27-43.
Similar books and articles
A. Ziv & S. Shulman (1975). Influence of a Model's Overall Meaning on Moral Judgment and Resistance to Temptation in Children. Journal of Moral Education 4 (2):121-127.
Amy Mullin (2006). Parents and Children: An Alternative to Selfless and Unconditional Love. Hypatia 21 (1):181-200.
Jessica Hammond (2010). Genetic Engineering to Avoid Genetic Neglect: From Chance to Responsibility. Bioethics 24 (4):160-169.
Julia Tanner (2009). The Argument From Marginal Cases and the Slippery Slope Objection. Environmental Values 18 (1):51-66.
Julia Tanner (2011). The Argument From Marginal Cases: Is Species a Relevant Difference. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 11 (32):225-235.
Arlene S. Kanter, Permanency Planning for Children with Disabilities: Enforcing the Right of All Children to Live with a Family.
David Archard, Children's Rights. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Stephen Hanson (2005). Engelhardt and Children: The Failure of Libertarian Bioethics in Pediatric Interactions. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):179-198.
James D. Marshall (1984). Punishment and Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education 13 (2):83-89.
Gerald K. Harrison & Julia Tanner (2011). Better Not to Have Children. Think, 10(27), 113-121 (27):113-121.
Added to index2010-07-31
Total downloads38 ( #86,274 of 1,725,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #166,949 of 1,725,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?