Heythrop Journal 54 (4) (2011)
|Abstract||Proclus (c.412-485) once offered an argument that Christians took to stand against the Christian doctrine of creation ex nihilo based on the eternity of the world and God’s perfection. John Philoponus (c.490-570) objected to this on various grounds. Part of this discussion can shed light on contemporary issues in philosophical theology on divine perfection and creation. First I will examine Proclus’ dilemma and John Philoponus’ response. I will argue that Philoponus’ fails to rebut Proclus’ dilemma. The problem is that presentism is incompatible with divine simplicity, timelessness, and a strong doctrine of immutability. From there I will look at how this discussion bears on contemporary understandings of divine perfection and creation, and argue that there are at least two possible ways contemporary philosophical theologians can try to get around the dilemma. One option is to adopt four-dimensional eternalism and maintain the traditional account of the divine perfections. I argue that this option suffers from difficulties that are not compatible with Christian belief. The other option is to keep presentism and modify the divine perfections. I argue that this option is possible and preferable since our understanding of the divine perfections must be modified in light of divine revelation and the incarnation.|
|Keywords||Divine Eternity Divine Immutability Divine Simplicity Presentism Eternalism|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Graham Oppy (2003). The Devilish Complexities of Divine Simplicity. Philo 6 (1):10-22.
Timothy Pawl, Divine Immutability. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
William Lane Craig (2000). Omniscience, Tensed Facts and Divine Eternity. Faith and Philosophy 17 (2):227--228.
Jeffrey E. Brower (2008). Making Sense of Divine Simplicity. Faith and Philosophy 25 (1):3-30.
Susan Peppers-Bates (2008). Divine Simplicity and Divine Command Ethics. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (3):361-369.
Daniel Davies (2011). Method and Metaphysics in Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed. Oxford University Press.
W. Matthews Grant (2003). Aquinas, Divine Simplicity, and Divine Freedom. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77:129-144.
Katherin Rogers (2009). Back to Eternalism. Faith and Philosophy 26 (3):320-338.
Donovan Cox (2002). Leibniz on Divine Causation: Creation, Miracles, and the Continual Fulgurations. Studia Leibnitiana 34 (2):185 - 207.
Dean Zimmerman (2002). God Inside Time and Before Creation. In Gregory E. Ganssle & David M. Woodruff (eds.), God and Time: Essays on the Divine Nature. Oxford Up.
Jeffrey Green (2007). Jay Wesley Richards: The Untamed God: A Philosophical Exploration of Divine Perfection, Simplicity and Immutability. Faith and Philosophy 24 (2):235-238.
William L. Rowe (forthcoming). Response To: Divine Responsibility Without Divine Freedom. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion.
Mark C. Murphy (2001). Divine Authority and Divine Perfection. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (3):155-177.
Martin Kavka & Randi Rashkover (2004). A Jewish Modified Divine Command Theory. Journal of Religious Ethics 32 (2):387 - 414.
Added to index2011-09-28
Total downloads43 ( #26,222 of 549,699 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,450 of 549,699 )
How can I increase my downloads?