David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Erkenntnis 33 (3):345 - 369 (1990)
The view that scientific theories are partially interpreted deductive systems (theoretical deductivism) is defended against recent criticisms by Hempel. Hempel argues that the reliance of theoretical inferences (both from observation to theory and also from theory to theory) uponceteris paribus conditions orprovisos must prevent theories from establishing deductive connections among observations. In reply I argue, first, that theoretical deductivism does not in fact require the establishing of such deductive connections: I offer alternative H-D analyses of these inferences. Second, I argue that when the refined character of scientific observation is taken into account, we find that a theorymay after all establish such deductive connections among scientific observations, without reliance on provisos.These conclusions are based on the multi-level Popperian contextualist account of empirical interpretation sketched in a previous paper. As before, I claim that the supposed objections to theoretical deductivism depend upon questionable empiricist theses unnecessarily conjoined with theoretical deductivism by the Logical Positivists. Theoretical deductivism itself is unaffected by these arguments, and remains (when empirical interpretation is properly analyzed) the best account of scientific theories.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
Ian Hacking (1983). Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press.
Carl Gustav Hempel (1988). Provisos: A Philosophical Problem Concerning the Inferential Function of Scientific Laws. In A. Grünbaum & W. Salmon (eds.), The Limits of Deductivism. University of California Press, Berkeley, Ca. 19Ð36.
Brent Mundy (1987). Scientific Theory as Partially Interpreted Calculus. Erkenntnis 27 (2):173 - 196.
Brent Mundy (1988). Scientific Theory as Partially Interpreted Calculus II. Erkenntnis 28 (2):165 - 183.
Wesley C. Salmon (1967). The Foundations of Scientific Inference. [Pittsburgh]University of Pittsburgh Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann (2005). Interactive Representations. Representaciones 1 (1):1 - 20.
Mario Bunge (1960). The Place of Induction in Science. Philosophy of Science 27 (3):262-270.
Nicholas Maxwell, Non-Empirical Requirements Scientific Theories Must Satisfy: Simplicity, Unification, Explanation, Beauty. PhilSci Archive.
Emma Ruttkamp (2005). Overdetermination of Theories by Empirical Models: A Realist Interpretation of Empirical Choices. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):409-436.
Margaret Morrison (1988). Reduction and Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:286 - 293.
William W. Rozeboom (1960). Studies in the Empiricist Theory of Scientific Meaning. Philosophy of Science 27 (4):359-373.
Weimin Sun (2009). Chinese Logic and the Absence of Theoretical Sciences in Ancient China. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (4).
Henrik Hållsten (1999). Deductive Chauvinism. Synthese 120 (1):49-59.
Harold I. Brown (1995). Empirical Testing. Inquiry 38 (4):353 – 399.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #178,823 of 1,089,153 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,735 of 1,089,153 )
How can I increase my downloads?