Determining public policy and resource allocation priorities for mitigating natural hazards: A capabilities-based approach
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (4):489-504 (2007)
This paper proposes a Capabilities-based Approach to guide hazard mitigation efforts. First, a discussion is provided of the criteria that should be met by an adequate framework for formulating public policy and allocating resources. This paper shows why a common decision-aiding tool, Cost-benefit Analysis, fails to fulfill such criteria. A Capabilities-based Approach to hazard mitigation is then presented, drawing on the framework originally developed in the context of development economics and policy. The focus of a Capabilities-based Approach is protecting and promoting the well-being of individuals. Capabilities are dimensions of well-being and specified in terms of functionings. Functionings capture the various things of value an individual does or becomes in his or her life, including being alive, being healthy, and being sheltered. Capabilities refer to the real achievability of specific functionings. In the context of hazard mitigation, from a Capabilities-based Approach, decision- and policy-makers should consider the acceptability and tolerability of risks along with the affectability of hazards when determining policy formulation and resource allocation. Finally, the paper shows how the proposed approach satisfies the required criteria, and overcomes the limitations of Cost-benefit Analysis, while maintaining its strengths.
|Keywords||Capabilities Capabilities-based Approach Natural Hazards Mitigation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Elizabeth Anderson (1988). Review: Values, Risks, and Market Norms. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (1):54 - 65.
Martha Nussbaum (2001). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge University Press.
Martha C. Nussbaum (2000). Aristotle, Politics, and Human Capabilities: A Response to Antony, Arneson, Charlesworth, and Mulgan. Ethics 111 (1):102-140.
Amartya Sen (2004). Elements of a Theory of Human Rights. Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (4):315 - 356.
Cass R. Sunstein (2005). Cost‐Benefit Analysis and the Environment. Ethics 115 (2):351-385.
Citations of this work BETA
Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2011). Evaluating the Source of the Risks Associated with Natural Events. Res Publica 17 (2):125-140.
Similar books and articles
J. Felix Lozano, Alejandra Boni, Jordi Peris & Andrés Hueso (2012). Competencies in Higher Education: A Critical Analysis From the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (1):132-147.
Alexander Bertland (2009). Virtue Ethics in Business and the Capabilities Approach. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):25 - 32.
Tony Fitzpatrick (2008). From Contracts to Capabilities and Back Again. Res Publica 14 (2):83-100.
Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2010). Gauging the Societal Impacts of Natural Disasters Using a Capability Approach. Disasters 34 (3):619-636.
C. Murphy & P. Gardoni (2008). Recovery From Natural and Man-Made Disasters As Capabilities Restoration and Enhancement. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 3 (4):1-17.
Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2010). Assessing Capability Instead of Achieved Functionings in Risk Analysis. Journal of Risk Research 13 (2):137-147.
Colleen Murphy Æ Paolo Gardoni, The Acceptability and the Tolerability of Societal Risks: A Capabilities-Based Approach.
Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni (2008). The Acceptability and the Tolerability of Societal Risks: A Capabilities-Based Approach. Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (1):77-92.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #80,676 of 1,679,392 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #111,749 of 1,679,392 )
How can I increase my downloads?