David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Inquiry 23 (3):313 – 325 (1980)
The sheer complexity of Spinoza's thinking makes it impossible for any movement to use him as a patron. But philosophically engaged ecologists and environmentalists may find in his system an inexhaustible source of inspiration. This holds good even if he was personally a ?speciesist? and uninterested in animals or landscapes. Underestimation of his potential help is due to a variety of factors: failure to pay enough attention to the structure of his system, belief in its close resemblance to that of Hobbes, and interpretation of ?understanding love of God? as a contemplative, general attitude incompatible with environmentalist activism and interest in every living being. The system of Spinoza is compatible with activism ? like that of Jan de Witt ? and with respect for all things as ?expressions of the power of God or Nature?
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References found in this work BETA
Arne Naess (1977). Spinoza and Ecology. Philosophia 7 (1):45-54.
Arne Naess (1979). Self-Realization in Mixed Communities of Humans, Bears, Sheep, and Wolves. Inquiry 22 (1-4):231 – 241.
Arne Naess (1973). The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement. A Summary. Inquiry 16 (1-4):95 – 100.
George Sessions (1977). Spinoza and Jeffers on Man in Nature. Inquiry 20 (1-4):481 – 528.
Citations of this work BETA
Gal Kober (2013). For They Do Not Agree In Nature: Spinoza and Deep Ecology. Ethics and the Environment 18 (1):43-65.
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Genevieve Lloyd (1980). Spinoza's Environmental Ethics. Inquiry 23 (3):293 – 311.
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