David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Neuroethics 3 (2):109-119 (2010)
There is a remedy available for many of our ailments: Psychopharmacology promises to alleviate unsatisfying memory, bad moods, and low self-esteem. Bioethicists have long discussed the ethical implications of enhancement interventions. However, they have not considered relevant evidence from psychology and economics. The growth in autonomy in many areas of life is publicized as progress for the individual. However, the broadening of areas at one’s disposal together with the increasing individualization of value systems leads to situations in which the range of options asks too much of the individual. I scrutinize whether increased self-determination and unbound possibilities are really in a person’s best interests. Evidence from psychology and economics challenges the assumption that unlimited autonomy is best in all cases. The responsibility for autonomous self-formation that comes with possibilities provided by neuro-enhancement developments can be a burden. To guarantee quality of life I suggest a balance of beneficence, support, and respect for autonomy.
|Keywords||Neuroenhancement Psychopharmacology Choice Autonomy Well-being|
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References found in this work BETA
Neil Levy (2007). Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century. Cambridge University Press.
Gerald Dworkin (1988). The Theory and Practice of Autonomy. Cambridge University Press.
Hans Jonas (1984). The Imperative of Responsibility: In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age. University of Chicago Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
John Danaher (forthcoming). Human Enhancement, Social Solidarity and the Distribution of Responsibility. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-20.
John Danaher (2014). Hyperagency and the Good Life – Does Extreme Enhancement Threaten Meaning? Neuroethics 7 (2):227-242.
Saskia K. Nagel & Peter B. Reiner (2013). Autonomy Support to Foster Individuals' Flourishing. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):36 - 37.
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