David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
In N. S. Rangaswamy (ed.), [Book Chapter] (in Press). Centre for Studies in Civilizations (2006)
The essay is a critical review of three possible approaches in the theory of knowledge while tracing the biological roots of knowledge: empiricist, rationalist and developmentalist approaches. Piaget's genetic epistemology, a developmentalist approach, is one of the first comprehensive treatments on the question of tracing biological roots of knowledge. This developmental approach is currently opposed, without questioning the biological roots of knowledge, by the more popular rationalist approach, championed by Chomsky. Developmental approaches are generally coherent with cybernetic models, of which the theory of autopoiesis proposed by Maturana and Varela made a significant theoretical move in proposing an intimate connection between metabolism and knowledge. Modular architecture is currently considered more or less an undisputable model for both biology as well as cognitive science. By suggesting that modulation of modules is possible by motor coordination, a proposal is made to account for higher forms of conscious cognition within the four distinguishable layers of the human mind. Towards the end, the problem of life and cognition is discussed in the context of the evolution of complex cognitive systems, suggesting the unique access of phylogeny during the ontogeny of human beings as a very special case, and how the problem cannot be dealt with independent of the evolution of coding systems in nature.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Jedlicka (2007). Physical Complexity and Cognitive Evolution. In Carlos Gershenson, Diederik Aerts & Bruce Edmonds (eds.), Worldviews, Science, and Us: Philosophy and Complexity. World Scientific. 221--231.
Nejat Düzgüneş (1978). The Biology of Ethics or the Ethics of Biology? The Biologist's Quest for Meaning. Acta Biotheoretica 27 (1-2).
Joseph Agassi (2006). The Biology of the Interest in Money. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):176-176.
Nagarjuna G. (2006). Layers in the Fabric of Mind: A Critical Review of Cognitive Ontogeny. In Jayashree Ramadas & Sugra Chunawala (eds.), Research Trends in Science, Technology and Mathematics Education. Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, TIFR.
Richard M. Burian (2005). The Epistemology of Development, Evolution, and Genetics: Selected Essays. Cambridge University Press.
Claes Andersson (2008). Sophisticated Selectionism as a General Theory of Knowledge. Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):229-242.
Raphael Falk (1993). Evolutionary Epistemology: What Phenotype is Selected and Which Genotype Evolves? Biology and Philosophy 8 (2):153-172.
András Balázs (2007). The Ontological Roots of Human Science: The Message of Evolution - the Physics of Freedom (Choice). World Futures 63 (8):568 – 583.
Brie Gertler (2011). Self-Knowledge. Routledge.
Nagarjuna G. (2009). Tracing the Biological Roots of Knowledge. In Rangaswamy N. S. (ed.), Life and Organicism. Centre for Studies in Civilizations.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads2 ( #366,722 of 1,102,106 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,622 of 1,102,106 )
How can I increase my downloads?