David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 179 (455):477 (2011)
According to a once influential view of selection, it consists of repeated cycles of replication and interaction. It has been argued that this view is wrong: replication is not necessary for evolution by natural selection. I analyze the nine most influential arguments for this claim and defend the replication–interaction conception of selection against these objections. In order to do so, however, the replication–interaction conception of selection needs to be modified significantly. My proposal is that replication is not the copying of an entity, the replicator, but the copying of a property. Thus, we can have a replication process without there being a replicator that is being copied.
|Keywords||Replication Interaction Fitness Replicators Clonal organisms Microbes|
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References found in this work BETA
André Ariew & R. C. Lewontin (2004). The Confusions of Fitness. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (2):347-363.
D. M. Armstrong (1997). A World of States of Affairs. Cambridge University Press.
Marion Blute (2007). The Evolution of Replication. Biological Theory 2 (1):10-22.
Frédéric Bouchard (2008). Causal Processes, Fitness, and the Differential Persistence of Lineages. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):560-570.
Frédéric Bouchard & Alex Rosenberg (2004). Fitness, Probability and the Principles of Natural Selection. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):693-712.
Citations of this work BETA
Pierrick Bourrat (forthcoming). From Survivors to Replicators: Evolution by Natural Selection Revisited. Biology and Philosophy:1-22.
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