The failure of the “localisationist project” in mental medicine in nineteenth century France and the emergence of the neurological clinic
Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):57-63 (2008)
|Abstract||During the nineteenth century, neuroanatomical knowledge and the clinical practice of treating mental illnesses develop at the same time. Some practitioners of mental medicine try to combine the clinical practice of treating mental diseases with neuroanatomical knowledge using the idea of cerebral localisations. This point of view is advocated by Gall and the field of phrenology. But there is no obvious success of such a localisationist project before Broca and Wernickeâs works on aphasia. This discovery will provoke a revival of the desire to localise the cerebral zones involved in mental diseases. However, the cerebral localisation project progressively decreases during the end of the nineteenth century while neurological clinical practice emerges. Moreover, neurological clinical practice aims to localise anatomical lesions through clinical examination. From a philosophy of science point of view, this segment of history brings into question the relation between a scientific object (the cerebral localisation of zones involved in diseases) and a scientific subject (psychiatry and neurology). It stresses how a scientific project can migrate from one subject to another|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Ann Elizabeth Fowler La Berge (2004). Debate as Scientific Practice in Nineteenth-Century Paris: The Controversy Over the Microscope. Perspectives on Science 12 (4):424-453.
KWM Bill Fulford & Giovanni Stanghellini (2008). The Third Revolution: Philosophy Into Practice in Twenty-First Century Psychiatry. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 1 (1):5-14.
Eran Klein (2011). Is There a Need for Clinical Neuroskepticism? Neuroethics 4 (3):251-259.
Norbert Paul (1998). Incurable Suffering From the “Hiatus Theoreticus”? Some Epistemological Problems in Modern Medicine and the Clinical Relevance of Philosophy of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):229-251.
Peter Hucklenbroich (1998). Steps Towards a Theory of Medical Practice. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):215-228.
Kathryn Montgomery (2006). How Doctors Think: Clinical Judgment and the Practice of Medicine. Oxford University Press.
E. Thomson (2001). Physiology, Hygiene and the Entry of Women to the Medical Profession in Edinburgh C. 1869-C. 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (1):105-126.
G. E. Berrios (1996). The History of Mental Symptoms: Descriptive Psychopathology Since the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press.
Jean-Gaël Barbara (2009). Interplay Between Scientific Theories and Researches on the Diseases of the Nervous System in the Nineteenth-Century, Paris. Medicine Studies 1 (4):339-352.
Mary Beth Mader (2010). Foucault's 'Metabody'. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):187-203.
Elisabetta Basso (2012). From the Problem of the Nature of Psychosis to the Phenomenological Reform of Psychiatry. Historical and Epistemological Remarks on Ludwig Binswanger's Psychiatric Project. Medicine Studies 3 (4):215-232.
R. A. Sharpe (1987). The Very Idea of a Folk Psychology. Inquiry 30 (December):381-93.
Kirsti Malterud (1995). The Legitimacy of Clinical Knowledge: Towards a Medical Epistemology Embracing the Art of Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
James Lindemann Nelson (2001). Knowledge, Authority and Identity: A Prolegomenon to an Epistemology of the Clinic. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):107-122.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads3 ( #213,250 of 722,826 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,541 of 722,826 )
How can I increase my downloads?