David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 2 (3):325 – 343 (1989)
This paper argues that Adolf Gr nbaum's evaluation of the scientific status of psychoanalysis is marred by its failure to locate Freud's notion of natural science. Contrary to his claims, Griinbaum does not assess Freud's theory on Freud's own terms. The presuppositions that Griinbaum brings to the question of the scientific status of psychoanalysis are problematic and his criticisms and methodological restrictions may not be defensible when psychoanalysis is taken to develop methodologically out of medical science rather than out of physics. I question the adequacy of the epistemological and methodological norms that Griinbaum brings to his analysis and I examine his arguments against the scientific credibility of Freud's theoretical claims. I argue that Griinbaum fails to consider the tension between clinical practice and psychoanalytic theory, ignores the evolution of Freud's thought and distorts and simplifies the complexity of the domain under investigation. Therefore his conclusions regarding the scientific credibility and evaluation of psychoanalysis are questionable.
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References found in this work BETA
Adolf Grünbaum (1984). The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique. University of California Press.
Kenneth F. Schaffner (1980). Theory Structure in the Biomedical Sciences. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (1):57-97.
Kenneth F. Schaffner (1986). Exemplar Reasoning About Biological Models and Diseases: A Relation Between the Philosophy of Medicine and Philosophy of Science. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):63-80.
Arthur L. Caplan (1986). Exemplary Reasoning? A Comment on Theory Structure in Biomedicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):93-105.
Lee A. Forstrom (1977). The Scientific Autonomy of Clinical Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):8-19.
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