David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (3):190-203 (2009)
In a military-sponsored research project begun during the Second World War, inmates of the Stateville Penitentiary in Illinois were infected with malaria and treated with experimental drugs that sometimes had vicious side effects. They were made into reservoirs for the disease and they provided a food supply for the mosquito cultures. They acted as secretaries and technicians, recording data on one another, administering malarious mosquito bites and experimental drugs to one another, and helping decide who was admitted to the project and who became eligible for early parole as a result of his participation. Thus, the prisoners were not simply research subjects; they were deeply constitutive of the research project. Because a prisoner’s time on the project was counted as part of his sentence, and because serving on the project could shorten one’s sentence, the project must be seen as simultaneously serving the functions of research and punishment. Michel Foucault wrote about such ‘mixed mechanisms’ in his Discipline and punish. His shining example of such a ‘transparent’ and subtle style of punishment was the panopticon, Jeremy Bentham’s architectural invention of prison cellblocks arrayed around a central guard tower. Stateville prison was designed on Bentham’s model; Foucault featured it in his own discussion. This paper, then, explores the power relations in this highly idiosyncratic experimental system, in which the various roles of model organism, reagent, and technician are all occupied by sentient beings who move among them fluidly. This, I argue, created an environment in the Stateville hospital wing more panoptic than that in the cellblocks. Research and punishment were completely interpenetrating, and mutually reinforcing
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
C. Fred Alford (2000). What Would It Matter If Everything Foucault Said About Prison Were Wrong? Discipline and Punish After Twenty Years. Theory and Society 29 (1):125-146.
Rachel A. Ankeny (2000). Fashioning Descriptive Models in Biology: Of Worms and Wiring Diagrams. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):272.
John Beatty (1993). Scientific Collaboration, Internationalism, and Diplomacy: The Case of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):205 - 231.
Ronald E. Doel (2003). Oral History of American Science: A Forty-Year Review. History of Science 41 (4):349-378.
Frederic L. Holmes (1992). Do We Understand Historically How Experimental Knowledge is Acquired? History of Science 30 (88):119-136.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Eric Chwang (2010). Against Risk-Benefit Review of Prisoner Research. Bioethics 24 (1):14-22.
Sabina Leonelli & Rachel Ankeny (2011). What’s so Special About Model Organisms? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 42 (2):313-323.
David L. Thomas (2010). Prisoner Research – Looking Back or Looking Forward? Bioethics 24 (1):23-26.
Louis Marinoff (1990). The Inapplicability of Evolutionarily Stable Strategy to the Prisoner's Dilemma. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (4):461-472.
Shimon Glick (2013). Synthetic Biology: A Jewish View. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (4):571-580.
Daniel R. Gilbert Jr (1996). The Prisoner's Dilemma and the Prisoners of the Prisoner's Dilemma. Business Ethics Quarterly 6 (2):165-178.
Massimo Pigliucci (2004). Studying the Plasticity of Phenotypic Integration in a Model Organism. In M. Pigliucci K. Preston (ed.), The Evolutionary Biology of Complex Phenotypes. Oxford University Press
Lyn Schumaker (2011). The Mosquito Taken at the Beer-Hall': Malaria Research and Control on Zambia's Copperbelt. In Wenzel Geissler & Catherine Molyneux (eds.), Evidence, Ethos and Experiment: The Anthropology and History of Medical Research in Africa. Berghahn Books 403.
Maria W. Merritt (2011). Health Researchers' Ancillary Care Obligations in Low-Resource Settings: How Can We Tell What is Morally Required? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (4):311-347.
John R. Fortin (2004). The Nature of Consolation in The Consolation of Philosophy. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):293-307.
Steven Scalet (2006). Prisoner's Dilemmas, Cooperative Norms, and Codes of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 65 (4):309 - 323.
Larry Shapiro (2007). The Embodied Cognition Research Programme. Philosophy Compass 2 (2):338–346.
Christopher Stephens (1996). Modelling Reciprocal Altruism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):533-551.
Toby Ord & Alan Blair, Exploitation and Peacekeeping: Introducing More Sophisticated Interactions to the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.
Jack A. Wilson (2000). Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):311.
Added to index2010-08-30
Total downloads12 ( #195,211 of 1,707,789 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #352,887 of 1,707,789 )
How can I increase my downloads?