David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 55 (2):269 - 286 (1983)
The definition of memory knowledge that p put forward in this paper is nontraditional in that the justification for the belief that p which constitutes that knowledge is not located in any memory-impression or other present state of the subject. Rather it is the subject's actual past justification for p, or a proper part thereof, that justifies this present belief that p. It is argued (1) that the notion under definition is that of knowing straight from memory, (2) that an adequate definition here must take into account a difference, as to conflicting evidence one does not possess, between evidence one has forgotten and evidence one has never had, (3) that compared to Ginet's traditional definition (1975), the definition has several advantages, and (4) that the definition handles at least one type of situation where there can be memory knowledge that p without previous knowledge that p.
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References found in this work BETA
Gilbert Harman (1973). Thought. Princeton University Press.
Roderick M. Chisholm (1966). Theory of Knowledge. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
John Pollock (1970/1975). Knowledge and Justification. Princeton University Press.
Carl Ginet (1975). Knowledge, Perception, and Memory. D. Reidel Pub. Co..
Don Locke (1971). Memory. Macmillan.
Citations of this work BETA
Frederick F. Schmitt (1987). Justification, Sociality, and Autonomy. Synthese 73 (1):43 - 85.
Andrew Naylor (2015). Justification and Forgetting. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):372-391.
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