David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 15 (5):509 - 559 (1992)
The work of the late Paul Grice (1913–1988) exerts a powerful influence on the way philosophers, linguists, and cognitive scientists think about meaning and communication. With respect to a particular sentence φ and an “utterer” U, Grice stressed the philosophical importance of separating (i) what φ means, (ii) what U said on a given occasion by uttering φ, and (iii) what U meant by uttering φ on that occasion. Second, he provided systematic attempts to say precisely what meaning is by providing a series of more refined analyses of utterer’s meaning, sentence meaning, and what is said. Third, Grice produced an account of how it is possible for what U says and what U means to diverge. Fourth, by characterizing a philosophically important distinction between the “genuinely semantic” and “merely pragmatic” implications of a statement, Grice clarified the relationship between classical logic and the semantics of natural language. Fifth, he provided some much needed philosophical ventilation by deploying his notion of “implicature” to devastating effect against certain overzealous strains of “Ordinary Language Philosophy,” without himself abandoning the view that philosophy must pay attention to the nuances of ordinary talk. Sixth, Grice undercut some of the most influential arguments for a philosophically significant notion of “presupposition.” Today, Grice’s work lies at the center of research on the semantics-pragmatics distinction and shapes much discussion of the relationship between language and mind. In a nutshell, Grice has forced philosophers and linguists to think very carefully about the sorts of facts a semantic theory is supposed to account for and to reflect upon the most central theoretical notions, notions that otherwise might be taken for granted or employed without due care and attention. To be sure, Grice’s own positive proposals have their weaknesses; but in the light of his work any theory of meaning that is to be taken at all seriously must now draw a sharp line between genuinely semantic facts and facts pertaining to the nature of human interaction..
|Keywords||Grice, H. P Language and languages|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
E. Adams (1992). Grice on Indicative Conditionals. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly:83-102.
D. M. Armstrong (1971). Meaning and Communication. Philosophical Review 80 (4):427-447.
Kent Bach (1987). On Communicative Intentions: A Reply to Recanti. Mind and Language 2 (2):141-154.
Jon Barwise & Robin Cooper (1981). Generalized Quantifiers and Natural Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (2):159--219.
Citations of this work BETA
Caj Strandberg (2012). A Dual Aspect Account of Moral Language. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (1):87-122.
Steffen Borge (2009). Conversational Implicatures and Cancellability. Acta Analytica 24 (2):149-154.
Caj Strandberg (2011). The Pragmatics of Moral Motivation. Journal of Ethics 15 (4):341-369.
M. Kissine (2009). Illocutionary Forces and What is Said. Mind and Language 24 (1):122-138.
Thomas D. Bontly (2005). Conversational Implicature and the Referential Use of Descriptions. Philosophical Studies 125 (1):1 - 25.
Similar books and articles
H. P. Grice (2001). Aspects of Reason. Oxford University Press.
Jeff Johnson (2010). Grice's Unspeakable Truths. Essays in Philosophy 11 (2):168-180.
Richard E. Grandy & Richard Warner (eds.) (1986). Philosophical Grounds of Rationality: Intentions, Categories, Ends. Oxford University Press.
Jennifer M. Saul (2002). Speaker Meaning, What is Said, and What is Implicated. Noûs 36 (2):228–248.
Robyn Carston & George Powell (2006). Relevance Theory - New Directions and Developments. In Ernest Lepore & Barry Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press. 341--360.
Siobhan Chapman (2005/2008). Paul Grice, Philosopher and Linguist. Palgrave Macmillan.
Klaus Petrus (ed.) (2010). Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on Grice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Jay David Atlas (2005). Logic, Meaning, and Conversation: Semantical Underdeterminacy, Implicature, and Their Interface. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads219 ( #3,200 of 1,679,387 )
Recent downloads (6 months)19 ( #11,825 of 1,679,387 )
How can I increase my downloads?