David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (2):251-269 (1996)
In 1904 Joachim published an influential paper dealing with 'Aristotle's Conception of Chemical Combination' which has provided the basis of much more recent studies. About the same time, Duhem developed what he regarded as an essentially Aristotelian view of chemistry, based on his understanding of phenomenological thermodynamics. He does not present a detailed textual analysis, but rather emphasises certain general ideas. Joachim's classic paper contains obscurities which I have been unable to fathom and theses which do not seem to be fully explained, or which at least seem difficult for the modern reader to understand. An attempt is made here to provide a systematic account of the Aristotelian theory of the generation of substances by the mixing of elements by reconsidering Joachim's treatment in the light of the sort of points which most interested Duhem.The work described in this paper was undertaken with a view to providing a basis for presenting, evaluating and criticising Duhem's understanding of what was for him modern (i.e. 19th-century) chemistry. This latter project will be taken up on another occasion. I hope the present paper will be of some value to a broader philosophical readership in so far as it provides a fairly clear conception of matter which might be called Aristotelian, even if it is not precisely Aristotle's, and raises certain clear problems of interpretation. It may also be of interest to historians of chemistry in suggesting an analysis of the old chemical notion of a mixt independent of atomic theories.
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References found in this work BETA
P. Duhem (1900). Ii. De La Révolution Chimique Jusqu'à Nos Jours. Revue de Philosophie 1:167.
P. Duhem (1900). Iv. Isomérie Et Stéréochimie. Critique De La Théorie Atomique, Premières Tentatives De La Mécanique Chimique. Revue de Philosophie 1:430.
P. Duhem (1900). La notion de mixte. Essai historique et critique. - I. Des origines à la révolution chimique. Revue de Philosophie 1:69.
P. Duhem (1900). V. La Mécanique Chimique Fondée Sur La Thermodynamique. Conclusion. Revue de Philosophie 1:730.
Peter Roeper (1983). Semantics for Mass Terms with Quantifiers. Noûs 17 (2):251-265.
Citations of this work BETA
Paul A. Bogaard (2006). After Substance: How Aristotle's Question Still Bears on the Philosophy of Chemistry. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):853-863.
Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (2005). Chemistry in the French Tradition of Philosophy of Science: Duhem, Meyerson, Metzger and Bachelard. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):627-649.
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