Agro-biodiversity conservation in europe: Ethical issues [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):3-25 (2005)
While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of natural life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse agro-ecosystems generated by landraces (LRs), i.e., farmer-developed populations of cultivated species that show among- and within-population diversity and are linked to traditional cultures. The aim of this work is to arouse concern about their loss, to explain how they can be conserved, and to discuss values that support maintaining and/or restoring on-farm agro-biodiversity. Although agriculture has relied on biodiverse agro-ecosystems for millennia, most of them have disappeared or are disappearing due to profound transformations in the socio-economic context. This is discussed with particular reference to the European situation. The positive values of LRs and LR systems that support their conservation are discussed along with possible objections. The conservation of LRs and LR systems can be well justified on ethical grounds. In particular, the complex intertwining of the biological and cultural contexts of LR systems, which continuously creates new adaptive responses to the changing socio-economic and eco-physical processes, is a value that strongly motivates conservation, particularly when the needs of future generations are considered.
|Keywords||biodiversity complexity ethics landraces on-farm conservation sustainability|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. Baird Callicott (2002). The Pragmatic Power and Promise of Theoretical Environmental Ethics: Forging a New Discourse. Environmental Values 11 (1):3 - 25.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Helena Siipi (2007). Naturalness in Biodiversity Management. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:173-178.
James Maclaurin & Kim Sterelny (2008). What is Biodiversity? University of Chicago Press.
Feliu López-I.-Gelats & J. David Tàbara (2010). A Cultural Journey to the Agro-Food Crisis: Policy Discourses in the EU. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (4):331-344.
Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
Sahotra Sarkar (2006). Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2):133-140.
Jay Odenbaugh (2003). Values, Advocacy and Conservation Biology. Environmental Values 12 (1):55 - 69.
Annik Schnitzler, Jean-Claude Génot, Maurice Wintz & Brack W. Hale (2008). Naturalness and Conservation in France. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):423-436.
Johannes M. M. Engels, Hannes Dempewolf & Victoria Henson-Apollonio (2011). Ethical Considerations in Agro-Biodiversity Research, Collecting, and Use. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):107-126.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads45 ( #89,043 of 1,790,256 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #59,364 of 1,790,256 )
How can I increase my downloads?