David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 1 (1):35-59 (1988)
Self-knowledge is based on several different forms of information, so distinct that each one essentially establishes a different 'self. The ecological self is the self as directly perceived with respect to the immediate physical environment; the interpersonal self, also directly perceived, is established by species-specific signals of emotional rapport and communication; the extended self is based on memory and anticipation; the private self appears when we discover that our conscious experiences are exclusively our own; the conceptual self or 'self-concept' draws its meaning from a network of socially-based assumptions and theories about human nature in general and ourselves in particular. Although these selves are rarely experienced as distinct (because they are held together by specific forms of stimulus information), they differ in their developmental histories, in the accuracy with which we can know them, in the pathologies to which they are subject, and generally in what they contribute to human experience.
|Keywords||Identity Information Metaphysics Philosophical Psychology Self-knowledge|
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Citations of this work BETA
Shaun Gallagher (2000). Philosophical Conceptions of the Self. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):14-21.
Michael Tomasello, Ann Cale Kruger & Hilary Horn Ratner (1993). Cultural Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):495.
Jean Decety & Jessica A. Sommerville (2003). Shared Representations Between Self and Other: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience View. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12):527-533.
Hans J. Markowitsch & Angelica Staniloiu (2011). Memory, Autonoetic Consciousness, and the Self. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):16-39.
Christopher Peacocke (2013). Interpersonal Self-Consciousness. Philosophical Studies 170 (1):1-24.
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