Clocks, creation and clarity: Insights on ethics and economics from a feminist perspective [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):381 - 398 (2004)
This essay discusses the origins, biases, and effects on contemporary discussions of economics and ethics of the unexamined use of the metaphor an economy is a machine. Both neoliberal economics and many critiques of capitalist systems take this metaphor as their starting point. The belief that economies run according to universal laws of motion, however, is shown to be based on a variety of rationalist thinking that – while widely held – is inadequate for explaining lived human experience. Feminist scholarship in the philosophy of science and economics has brought to light some of the biases that have supported the mechanistic worldview. Possible alternatives to the an economy is a machine include an economy is a creative process and an economy is an organism. Such metaphors are intellectually defensible as guides to scientific inquiry and provide a richer ground for moral imagination.
|Keywords||economics ethics feminism mechanism metaphor organism science|
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References found in this work BETA
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Evelyn Fox Keller (1996). Reflections on Gender and Science. Yale University Press.
Edward O. Wilson (1998). Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Distributed by Random House.
Elizabeth Anderson (1993). Value in Ethics and Economics. Harvard University Press.
Mark Johnson (1993). Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics. University of Chicago Press.
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