|Abstract||The problem of reference is central to the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and epistemology yet it remains largely unresolved. Naming and Reference explains the reference of lexical terms, with particular emphasis placed on proper names, demonstrative pronouns and personal pronouns. It examines such specific issues as: how to account for the reference of names that are empty or speculative, which abound in science and philosophy, and how to account for intentional reference as in "he took Mary to be Jane." Naming and Reference begins with a survey of the history of the subject within a philosophical and critical setting, from Locke, Brentano, Peirce, Frege, Russell, Strawson, Tarski, Carnap and Quine up to Kripke and Fodor. The rest of the book is devoted to an algorithmic theory of reference derived from Peirce's idea that signification is a three-way relationship involving a term, an object and an interpretant. The theory rounds out the causal notion of reference, while at the same time preserving Frege's distinction between sense and reference, and making a place for indexical terms. Through the use of various computer models, R. J. Nelson explores the meaning and reference of words to objects and the relationship of these phenomena to perception, belief and truth. The models used are parallel, connectionist computational models rather than the sequential models of mid-century artificial intelligence. The aim, in opposition to nativist and mental representation theories, is to account for the genesis of semantically interpretable symbols, not to assume them.|
|Keywords||Reference (Philosophy Semantics (Philosophy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$131.77 used (20% off) $135.77 new (17% off) $163.00 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B105.R25.N45 1992|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Howard K. Wettstein (1991). Has Semantics Rested on a Mistake?: And Other Essays. Stanford University Press.
Richard A. Geiger (ed.) (1995). Reference in Multidisciplinary Perspective: Philosophical Object, Cognitive Subject, Intersubjective Process. G. Olms Verlag.
Jeanette K. Gundel & Nancy Ann Hedberg (eds.) (2008). Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Oxford University Press.
Robert Nola (1980). Fixing the Reference of Theoretical Terms. Philosophy of Science 47 (4):505-531.
Kirk A. Ludwig (1993). Direct Reference in Thought and Speech. Communication and Cognition 26 (1):49-76.
Friedel Weinert (1991). Introducing Events, Successful Reference and Reference-Fixing. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (1):155-167.
Kepa Korta (2011). Critical Pragmatics: An Inquiry Into Reference and Communication. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #55,665 of 722,867 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,917 of 722,867 )
How can I increase my downloads?