David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):1–31 (2003)
A skeptic claims that I do not have knowledge of the external world. It has been thought that the skeptic reaches this conclusion because she employs unusually stringent standards for knowledge. But the skeptic does not employ unusually high standards for knowledge. Rather, she employs unusually restrictive standards of evidence. Thus, her claim that we lack knowledge of the external world is supported by considerations that would equally support the claim that we lack evidence for our beliefs about the external world. These considerations do not threaten the truth of our ordinary attributions of evidence, however, for such attributions are context-sensitive in their semantics. It is argued that this solution to the problem of the external world enjoys all of the benefits, and suffers none of the problems, of other solutions to the problem of the external world
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
William Alston (1999). Perceptual Knowledge. In John Greco & Ernest Sosa (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to Epistemology. Blackwell. 223--42.
William P. Alston (1999). Back to the Theory of Appearing. Philosophical Perspectives 13 (s13):181--203.
William P. Alston (1993). The Reliability of Sense Perception. Cornell University Press.
David B. Annis (1978). A Contextualist Theory of Epistemic Justification. American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (3):213 - 219.
Robert Audi (1998). Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Routledge.
Citations of this work BETA
Susanna Schellenberg (2014). The Epistemic Force of Perceptual Experience. Philosophical Studies 170 (1):87-100.
Avner Baz (2009). Who Knows? European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):201-223.
John Turri (2009). The Ontology of Epistemic Reasons. Noûs 43 (3):490-512.
Duncan Pritchard (2005). Scepticism, Epistemic Luck, and Epistemic Angst. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):185 – 205.
Ram Neta (2011). A Refutation of Cartesian Fallibilism. Noûs 45 (4):658-695.
Similar books and articles
Alexander R. Pruss (2001). Śamkara's Principle and Two Ontomystical Arguments. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (2):111-120.
Panayot K. Butchvarov (1998). Skepticism About the External World. New York: Oxford University Press.
Charles Landesman (1999). Moore's Proof of an External World and the Problem of Skepticism. Journal of Philosophical Research 24:21-36.
Donald D. Hoffman (2003). Does Perception Replicate the External World? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):415-416.
Ernest Sosa (2003). Davidson's Epistemology. In Kirk Ludwig (ed.), Contemporary Philosophy in Focus: Donald Davidson. Cambridge University Press.
Brian Glenney (2011). Adam Smith and the Problem of the External World. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (2):205-223.
Martin Smith (2011). God and the External World. Ratio 24 (1):65-77.
James Pryor (2000). The Skeptic and the Dogmatist. Noûs 34 (4):517–549.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads54 ( #31,295 of 1,099,696 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #49,602 of 1,099,696 )
How can I increase my downloads?