David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):73-90 (2000)
In the metaphor of behavioral momentum, the rate of a free operant in the presence of a discriminative stimulus is analogous to the velocity of a moving body, and resistance to change measures an aspect of behavior that is analogous to its inertial mass. An extension of the metaphor suggests that preference measures an analog to the gravitational mass of that body. The independent functions relating resistance to change and preference to the conditions of reinforcement may be construed as convergent measures of a single construct, analogous to physical mass, that represents the effects of a history of exposure to the signaled conditions of reinforcement and that unifies the traditionally separate notions of the strength of learning and the value of incentives. Research guided by the momentum metaphor encompasses the effects of reinforcement on response rate, resistance to change, and preference and has implications for clinical interventions, drug addiction, and self-control. In addition, its principles can be seen as a modern, quantitative version of Thorndike's (1911) Law of Effect, providing a new perspective on some of the challenges to his postulation of strengthening by reinforcement. Key Words: behavioral momentum; clinical interventions; drug addiction; preference; reinforcement; resistance to change; response strength; self-control.
|Keywords||behavioral momentum clinical interventions drug addiction preference reinforcement resistance to change response strength self-control|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Susanne Becker, Dieter Kleinböhl & Rupert Hölzl (2012). Awareness is Awareness is Awareness? Decomposing Different Aspects of Awareness and Their Role in Operant Learning of Pain Sensitivity. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1073-1084.
Similar books and articles
Jack Marr (2000). Happiest Thought: Dynamics and Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):107-108.
John A. Nevin & Randolph C. Grace (2000). Behavioral Momentum: Empirical, Theoretical, and Metaphorical Issues. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):117-125.
Marc N. Branch (2000). Gaining (on) Momentum. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):92-93.
Carlos F. Aparicio (2000). The Stimulus-Reinforcer Hypothesis of Behavioral Momentum: Some Methodological Considerations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):90-91.
Charlotte Mandell (2000). The Partial Reinforcement Effect and Behavioral Momentum: Reconcilable? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):106-107.
Steven L. Cohen (2000). Behavioral Momentum: Issues of Generality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):95-96.
Randolph C. Grace & John A. Nevin (2004). Behavioral Momentum and Pavlovian Conditioning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):695-697.
Masaharu Takahashi (2000). Preference and Resistance to Change Do Not Always Covary. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):112-113.
Ben A. Williams & Matthew C. Bell (2000). The Uncertain Domain of Resistance to Change. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):116-117.
Hernán I. Savastano & Ralph R. Miller (2004). Behavioral Momentum in Pavlovian Conditioning and the Learning/Performance Distinction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):694-695.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #143,899 of 1,101,833 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #191,891 of 1,101,833 )
How can I increase my downloads?