David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cambridge University Press (1992)
This is a book about some of the basic concepts of metaphysics: universals, particulars, causality, and possibility. Its aim is to give an account of the real constituents of the world. The author defends a realistic view of universals, characterizing the notion of universal by considering language and logic, possibility, hierarchies of universals, and causation. On the other hand, he argues that logic and language are not reliable guides to the nature of reality. All assertions and predications about the natural world are ultimately founded on "basic universals," which are the fundamental type of universal and central to causation. A distinction is drawn between unified particulars (which have a natural principle of unity) and arbitrary particulars (which lack such a principle); unified particulars are the terms of causal relations and thus real constituents of the world. Arbitrary particulars such as events, states of affairs, and sets have no ontological significance.
|Keywords||Universals (Philosophy Individuation (Philosophy Causation|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$29.99 used (41% off) $46.42 new (8% off) $49.99 direct from Amazon Amazon page|
|Call number||B105.U5.N49 1992|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Olivier Massin (2009). The Metaphysics of Forces. Dialectica 64 (4):555-589.
Paul Gould (2013). How Does an Aristotelian Substance Have its Platonic Properties? Issues and Options. Axiomathes 23 (2):343-364.
Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (2013). Properties: Qualities, Powers, or Both? Dialectica 67 (1):55-80.
Similar books and articles
Lowell Friesen (2006). Natural Classes of Universals: Why Armstrong's Analysis Fails. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):285 – 296.
E. D. Klemke (1960). Universals and Particulars in a Phenomenalist Ontology. Philosophy of Science 27 (3):254-261.
John Bolender (2006). Nomic Universals and Particular Causal Relations: Which Are Basic and Which Are Derived? Philosophia 34 (4):405-410.
Ingvar Johansson (2009). Proof of the Existence of Universals—and Roman Ingarden's Ontology. Metaphysica 10 (1):65-87.
Joan Pagès (2002). Structural Universals and Formal Relations. Synthese 131 (2):215 - 221.
Theodore Sider (2006). Bare Particulars. Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):387–397.
Larry Lee Blackman (1983). Russell on the Relations of Universals and Particulars. Philosophy Research Archives 9:265-278.
Fraser MacBride (2005). The Particular–Universal Distinction: A Dogma of Metaphysics? Mind 114 (455):565-614.
Michael J. Loux (ed.) (1970/1976). Universals and Particulars: Readings in Ontology. University of Notre Dame Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads8 ( #187,002 of 1,413,180 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #153,719 of 1,413,180 )
How can I increase my downloads?