Facing the Sunrise: Cultural Worldview Underlying Intrinsic-Based Encoding of Absolute Frames of Reference in Aymara
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 36 (6):965-991 (2012)
The Aymara of the Andes use absolute (cardinal) frames of reference for describing the relative position of ordinary objects. However, rather than encoding them in available absolute lexemes, they do it in lexemes that are intrinsic to the body: nayra (“front”) and qhipa (“back”), denoting east and west, respectively. Why? We use different but complementary ethnographic methods to investigate the nature of this encoding: (a) linguistic expressions and speech–gesture co-production, (b) linguistic patterns in the distinct regional Spanish-based variety Castellano Andino (CA), (c) metaphorical extensions of CA’s spatial patterns to temporal ones, and (d) layouts of traditional houses. Findings indicate that, following fundamental principles of Aymara cosmology, people, objects, and land—as a whole—are conceived as having an implicit canonical orientation facing east, a primary landmark determined by the sunrise. The above bodily based lexicalizations are thus linguistic manifestations of a broader macro-cultural worldview and its psycho-cognitive reality
|Keywords||Language and thought Embodied cognition Everyday cognition Cognitive ethnography Aymara Gesture Spatial frames of reference Whorfian hypothesis|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.) (1996). Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press.
Daniel B. M. Haun, Christian J. Rapold, Gabriele Janzen & Stephen C. Levinson (2011). Plasticity of Human Spatial Cognition: Spatial Language and Cognition Covary Across Cultures. Cognition 119 (1):70-80.
George Lakoff (1980/2003). Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press.
Olivier le Guen (2011). Speech and Gesture in Spatial Language and Cognition Among the Yucatec Mayas. Cognitive Science 35 (5):905-938.
Citations of this work BETA
Rafael Núñez & Kensy Cooperrider (2013). The Tangle of Space and Time in Human Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):220-229.
Similar books and articles
Gerard Kempen (2000). Could Grammatical Encoding and Grammatical Decoding Be Subserved by the Same Processing Module? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):38-39.
Michael Dickson (2004). Quantum Reference Frames in the Context of EPR. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):655-668.
Panos Athanasopoulos & Emanuel Bylund (2013). Does Grammatical Aspect Affect Motion Event Cognition? A Cross-Linguistic Comparison of English and Swedish Speakers. Cognitive Science 37 (2):286-309.
Alan H. Kawamoto (1999). Incremental Encoding and Incremental Articulation in Speech Production: Evidence Based on Response Latency and Initial Segment Duration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):48-49.
Neha Khetrapal (2010). What is Special About Body Based Reference Frame? Human Studies 33 (2):221-227.
Bradford Skow (2010). Extrinsic Temporal Metrics. In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, volume 5. Oup Oxford.
N. J. Enfield & Tanya Stivers (eds.) (2007). Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural, and Social Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
Yuri Balashov (1999). Relativistic Objects. Noûs 33 (4):644-662.
Alastair Wilson (2009). Disposition-Manifestations and Reference-Frames. Dialectica 63 (4):591-601.
Rob Devos (1998). How Absolute is Hegel's Absolute Knowing? The Owl of Minerva 30 (1):33-50.
Anna Papafragou (2006). When English Proposes What Greek Presupposes: The Cross-Linguistic Encoding of Motion Events. Cognition 98 (3):75-87.
Allen I. Janis (1969). Synchronism by Slow Transport of Clocks in Noninertial Frames of Reference. Philosophy of Science 36 (1):74-81.
Quentin Smith (1993). Language and Time. Oxford University Press.
Added to index2012-03-15
Total downloads12 ( #180,572 of 1,696,294 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #92,220 of 1,696,294 )
How can I increase my downloads?