Convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria vaccine trials in Africa: Report from the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme's Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre consultation, 10-11 February 2009, Durban, South Africa [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):3- (2010)
BackgroundAfrica continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce these epidemics. However, conducting HIV/AIDS, TB, and/or malaria vaccine trials simultaneously in developing countries, or in populations affected by all three diseases, is likely to result in numerous ethical challenges.MethodsIn order to explore convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria vaccine trials in Africa, the Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre of the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme hosted a consultation on the Convergent Ethical Issues in HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria Vaccine Trials in Africa in Durban, South Africa on the 10-11 February 2009.ResultsKey cross cutting ethical issues were prioritized during the consultation as community engagement; ancillary care obligations; care and treatment; informed consent; and resource sharing.ConclusionThe consultation revealed that while there have been few attempts to find convergence on ethical issues between HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria vaccine trial fields to date, there is much common ground and scope for convergence work between stakeholders in the three fields.
|Keywords||info:mesh/Malaria Vaccines info:mesh/Tuberculosis info:mesh/Bioethical Issues info:mesh/Informed Consent info:mesh/Young Adult info:mesh/Aged info:mesh/Adolescent info:mesh/Immunization Programs info:mesh/Male info:mesh/Female info:mesh/International Cooperation info:mesh/Malaria info:mesh/Clinical Trials as Topic info:mesh/Ethics Consultation info:mesh/Adult Humans Tuberculosis HIV Infections Malaria Tuberculosis Vaccines Malaria Vaccines AIDS Vaccines International Cooperation Informed Consent Bioethical Issues Ethics Consultation Ethics, Research Adolescent Adult Aged Middle Aged Immunization Programs Africa Female Male Clinical Trials as Topic Young Adult info:mesh/Tuberculosis Vaccines info:mesh/Humans info:mesh/Africa info:mesh/Ethics, Research info:mesh/Middle Aged info:mesh/AIDS Vaccines info:mesh/HIV Infections|
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