Convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria vaccine trials in Africa: Report from the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme's Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre consultation, 10-11 February 2009, Durban, South Africa [Book Review]

BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):3- (2010)
Abstract
BackgroundAfrica continues to bear a disproportionate share of the global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria burden. The development and distribution of safe, effective and affordable vaccines is critical to reduce these epidemics. However, conducting HIV/AIDS, TB, and/or malaria vaccine trials simultaneously in developing countries, or in populations affected by all three diseases, is likely to result in numerous ethical challenges.MethodsIn order to explore convergent ethical issues in HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria vaccine trials in Africa, the Ethics, Law and Human Rights Collaborating Centre of the WHO/UNAIDS African AIDS Vaccine Programme hosted a consultation on the Convergent Ethical Issues in HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria Vaccine Trials in Africa in Durban, South Africa on the 10-11 February 2009.ResultsKey cross cutting ethical issues were prioritized during the consultation as community engagement; ancillary care obligations; care and treatment; informed consent; and resource sharing.ConclusionThe consultation revealed that while there have been few attempts to find convergence on ethical issues between HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria vaccine trial fields to date, there is much common ground and scope for convergence work between stakeholders in the three fields
Keywords info:mesh/Malaria Vaccines  info:mesh/Tuberculosis  info:mesh/Bioethical Issues  info:mesh/Informed Consent  info:mesh/Young Adult  info:mesh/Aged  info:mesh/Adolescent  info:mesh/Immunization Programs  info:mesh/Male  info:mesh/Female  info:mesh/International Cooperation  info:mesh/Malaria  info:mesh/Clinical Trials as Topic  info:mesh/Ethics Consultation  info:mesh/Adult  Humans   Tuberculosis   HIV Infections   Malaria   Tuberculosis Vaccines   Malaria Vaccines   AIDS Vaccines   International Cooperation   Informed Consent   Bioethical Issues   Ethics Consultation   Ethics, Research   Adolescent   Adult   Aged   Middle Aged   Immunization Programs   Africa   Female   Male   Clinical Trials as Topic   Young Adult  info:mesh/Tuberculosis Vaccines  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Africa  info:mesh/Ethics, Research  info:mesh/Middle Aged  info:mesh/AIDS Vaccines  info:mesh/HIV Infections
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