David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 150 (2):255-270 (2010)
According to one argument for Animalism about personal identity, animal , but not person , is a Wigginsian substance concept—a concept that tells us what we are essentially. Person supposedly fails to be a substance concept because it is a functional concept that answers the question “what do we do?” without telling us what we are. Since person is not a substance concept, it cannot provide the criteria for our coming into or going out of existence; animal , on the other hand, can provide such criteria. This argument has been defended by Eric Olson, among others. I argue that this line of reasoning fails to show Animalism to be superior to the Psychological Approach, for the following two reasons: (1) human animal , animal , and organism are all functional concepts, and (2) the distinction between what something is and what it does is illegitimate on the reading that the argument needs.
|Keywords||Personal identity Substance concepts Animalism The Psychological Approach Animal Person Eric Olson|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Thomas Nagel (1986). The View From Nowhere. Oxford University Press.
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
Robert Nozick (1981). Philosophical Explanations. Harvard University Press.
Elliott Sober (2000). Philosophy of Biology. Westview Press.
Citations of this work BETA
S. Clint Dowland (2016). Embodied Mind Sparsism. Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1853-1872.
Andrew M. Bailey (2015). Animalism. Philosophy Compass 10 (12):867-883.
Matthew J. Barker (2013). Biological Explanations, Realism, Ontology, and Categories. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):617-622.
Similar books and articles
Eric T. Olson (forthcoming). The Remnant-Person Problem. In Stephan Blatti Paul F. Snowdon (ed.), Essays on Animalism. Oxford University Press
H. P. Grice (1941). Personal Identity. Mind 50 (October):330-350.
Stephan Blatti (2007). Animalism and Personal Identity. In M. Bekoff (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Greenwood Press
Eric T. Olson (1997). The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Paul Wienpahl (1971). Ch'an Buddhism, Western Thought, and the Concept of Substance. Inquiry 14 (1-4):84 – 101.
Justin Broackes (2006). Substance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):131–166.
Jean M. Mandler (1998). Whatever Happened to Meaning? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):79-80.
Anthony Brueckner & Christopher T. Buford (2009). Thinking Animals and Epistemology. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):310-314.
Kanu Ikechukwu Anthony (2012). The Problem of Substance in Metaphysics. African Research Review 1 (1):24-29.
Scott Campbell (2001). Persons and Substances. Philosophical Studies 104 (3):253-67.
Added to index2009-05-18
Total downloads149 ( #26,401 of 1,934,441 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #145,779 of 1,934,441 )
How can I increase my downloads?