David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Studies 150 (2):255-270 (2010)
According to one argument for Animalism about personal identity, animal , but not person , is a Wigginsian substance concept—a concept that tells us what we are essentially. Person supposedly fails to be a substance concept because it is a functional concept that answers the question “what do we do?” without telling us what we are. Since person is not a substance concept, it cannot provide the criteria for our coming into or going out of existence; animal , on the other hand, can provide such criteria. This argument has been defended by Eric Olson, among others. I argue that this line of reasoning fails to show Animalism to be superior to the Psychological Approach, for the following two reasons: (1) human animal , animal , and organism are all functional concepts, and (2) the distinction between what something is and what it does is illegitimate on the reading that the argument needs.
|Keywords||Personal identity Substance concepts Animalism The Psychological Approach Animal Person Eric Olson|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
W. R. Carter (1982). Do Zygotes Become People? Mind 91 (361):77-95.
David DeGrazia (2005). Human Identity and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
David B. Hershenov (2001). Do Dead Bodies Pose a Problem for Biological Approaches to Personal Identity? Mind 114 (453):31-59.
Eli Hirsch (1982). The Concept of Identity. Oxford University Press.
David Lewis (1976). Survival and Identity. In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. 17-40.
Citations of this work BETA
Matthew J. Barker (2013). Biological Explanations, Realism, Ontology, and Categories (Reviewing J. Dupré, Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):617-622.
Similar books and articles
H. P. Grice (1941). Personal Identity. Mind 50 (October):330-350.
Stephan Blatti (2007). Animalism and Personal Identity. In M. Bekoff (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Greenwood Press.
Eric T. Olson (1997). The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology. Oxford University Press.
Paul Wienpahl (1971). Ch'an Buddhism, Western Thought, and the Concept of Substance. Inquiry 14 (1-4):84 – 101.
Justin Broackes (2006). Substance. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):131–166.
Jean M. Mandler (1998). Whatever Happened to Meaning? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):79-80.
Anthony Brueckner & Christopher T. Buford (2009). Thinking Animals and Epistemology. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):310-314.
Kanu Ikechukwu Anthony (2012). The Problem of Substance in Metaphysics. African Research Review 1 (1):24-29.
Scott Campbell (2001). Persons and Substances. Philosophical Studies 104 (3):253-67.
Added to index2009-05-18
Total downloads128 ( #8,017 of 1,102,113 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #16,140 of 1,102,113 )
How can I increase my downloads?